Kenyans beat neighbours in the race of life

Kenyans beat neighbours in the race of life

Kenya has made big strides in improving the life expectancy of its citizens, who are poised to outlive their East African neighbours except Rwandese by 2040, a new global demographic report says.

The report published in the international medical journal Lancet last week says Kenyans are expected to live for 73.9 years by the year 2040.

This will be a significant improvement from the average life expectancy of 66.9 years in 2016 that placed the country 146th among 195 nations.

“Kenya could rise to a rank of 134 in 2040 with an average life expectancy of 73.9 years, an increase of seven years. Kenya’s life expectancy could increase by as much as 11.1 years in a better health scenario or decrease by 0.7 year in a worse health scenario,” the report says.

Using data from the 2016 Global Burden of Disease study, which examined data and estimates from 1990 to 2016, researchers at the University of Washington in Seattle generated predictions from 2017 to 2040 for the 195 countries.

“Whether we see significant progress or stagnation depends on how well or poorly health systems address key health drivers,” the director of data science at the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) and lead author of the study, Kyle Foreman, said, adding that the future of the world’s health is not pre-ordained, and that there is a wide range of plausible trajectories.

Mr Foreman said understanding potential trajectories in health and drivers of health was crucial to guiding long-term investments and policy implementation.

The study predicts that non-communicable diseases will be the major cause of death for East Africans going forward.

Average Life expectancy 2016  – Average Life Expectancy in 2040

It cites the five biggest drivers of health in the region as high blood pressure, high body mass index, high blood sugar, tobacco and alcohol use and predicts that more non-communicable diseases, such as heart disease and cancer, will continue to replace infectious diseases as causes of death.

Rwanda, the outlier in the region, beats Kenya with an average life expectancy of 67.8 years in 2016, ranked 139 among 195 nations.

However, if recent health trends continue, it could rise to a rank of 124 in 2040 with an average life expectancy of 74.8 years, an increase of seven years. Tanzania, which had an average life expectancy of 64.3 years in 2016, and ranked 163 among 195 nations, comes in third in East Africa while Uganda with an average life expectancy of 62.2 years in 2016, is ranked 172.

The study predicts that if recent health trends in Uganda continue, the country could climb to a rank of 168 by 2040 with an average life expectancy of 69.5 years, an increase of 7.3 years.

Uganda’s life expectancy could, however, increase by as much as 10.6 years in a “better health scenario” or decrease by as much as 0.1 years in a “worse health scenario.”

Tanzania is tipped to rise to a rank of 151 in 2040 with an average life expectancy of 72.3 years, an increase of eight years.

Source  – Business Daily

Reforms long overdue to spur manufacturing

Reforms long overdue to spur manufacturing

Last year, President Uhuru Kenyatta unveiled the Big Four agenda with the priority focus areas of his last term in office.

The Big Four agenda focuses on manufacturing, universal healthcare, affordable housing and food security. The government desires to raise the share of the manufacturing sector from the current nine per cent to 15 per cent of gross domestic product (GDP) as well as create more than one million jobs in the sector by 2022.

This is quite an ambitious plan given that there are only about three years left to attain this goal.

The sector falls under the Ministry of Industrialisation, Trade and Co-operatives.

The sector is wide and therefore, several regulators supervise it. This means that there are several piece-meal laws and policies targeting the industry including those on the environment, finance and tax.

Key policies include Vision 2030, science, innovation and technology and trade-related.

There are several measures to boost the sector including tax incentives that have boosted manufacturing activities.

A single policy framework is needed to cater for the manufacturing sector. Other than incentives, such a policy would give manufacturers and investors a guideline of priority areas to focus on and meet their needs.

A sound intellectual property law regime would also enhance and support the sector. Manufacturers churn out a lot of products after spending a lot of time on research and development.

A strong intellectual property regime would motivate manufacturers to innovate.

A strong and effective enforcement mechanisms on issues such as intellectual property and counterfeit goods should be part of a sound policy framework.

Kenya Industrial Property Institute provides an efficient system of registering trademarks as well as an industrial tribunal with powers to adjudicate on refusal to grant trademarks or a dispute involving brands.

The High Court also has jurisdiction to hear infringement cases and so far, there have been a number of intellectual property rights proceedings that have been decided, setting precedent.

The Kenya Association of Manufacturers actively lobbies for an improved regulatory framework.

One of the key achievement is the enactment of the anti-counterfeit laws and the strengthening of the Anti-Counterfeit Agency.

Kenya is one of the few countries globally that have an anti-counterfeiting law.

Recently the agency in collaboration with others has been able to seize counterfeit goods of high value.

There have been very high-profile trials of corrupt officials in some of the agencies, which is a very encouraging action by the government.

From my independent research, I have not come across any country with a stand-alone manufacturing law or policy but the importance of having a policy in place is to guide the sector and to provide a good foundation for the realisation of goals.

Source – Business Daily

Why only the confident grab best opportunities

Why only the confident grab best opportunities

The modesty of not tooting our own horns keeps us winking in the dark, hoping that opportunity will somehow see us and respond. So, why do we hang onto it so tenaciously? Who convinced us that opportunity is going to come knocking on our doorsteps and ask us all the questions that will make your talent, skills and abilities pop right out?

Here’s the thing: opportunity is an arrogant lady boss. She wears very pointy heeled shoes, meaning she cannot do much walking; so you have to take yourself to her if you want a chance at anything.

If you know anything about high heels, they are not built for long distance. So, Ms Opportunity will normally be found perched on a high stool lording over others. With her well-manicured fingers, she marks those who stand out from the crowd.

These are the people she presents with her array of top career moves, business strategies, networks, relationships and all those goodies that we dream of.

If Lady-boss is to spot you, you’ve got to understand the true meaning of this frequently misunderstood word.

Pride means being so great at what you do that you have no qualms tooting your own horn.

It means being willing to take action others are unwilling or too unsure of themselves to take.

It means standing up to be counted on projects that require selflessness, sacrifice and direction. Pride in who we are gives us the ability to develop ourselves so that we can enjoy healthy relationships with others.

Stand out, don’t blend in. Ms Opportunity cannot spot you in a blend.

What most of those that you would be blending in with don’t know is that when you’re proud of yourself, you ignite your self-worth and develop a high standard for everything and everyone around you. Keep at it.

Soon, that high standard starts to manifest and grows in quality and quantity.

It becomes your persona. Your persona is that uniqueness that cannot be in anyone else. It is what makes you stand out from everyone else.

A feeling of superiority can’t be a good thing, can it? Well, that depends.

Self-pride is only negative when you start to put others down. Then it is arrogance. That’s certainly not what I am advocating here.

The thing is that no one needs to know about your self-pride. It is your secret card.

Your don’t keep it close to your chest, you keep it inside your heart of hearts.

When you go about your business with this kind of confidence in yourself, your every endeavour turns into magic.

Source – Business Daily

Steps to guard against business ideas theft

Steps to guard against business ideas theft

Imitation of ideas is a challenge that every entrepreneur faces. There is a high probability of imitation or copying of an innovative business idea once the same has been proven to be profitable and successful. This leads to dilution of market share on the part of the innovator and eases the entry of new persons in the same industry.

Imitation or copying of business ideas is not necessarily illegal. In fact if it is considered carefully, it may help in stimulating competition in a sector and help minimise monopolistic advantages on the part of one party. This in turn leads to a situation where businesses have to continuously innovate so as to beat competition. The consumers and the market end up being the prime beneficiaries of such continuous innovation as there is an overall improvement in quality.

It has been argued before that no one person or business is a monopoly of information. The school of thought is that all ideas did in fact originate from someplace else and what is known as innovation could simply be an improvement of what is already in existence.

While strong arguments may be made for the need to create a competitive environment, there is a counter argument that there is need to reward novelty to originators of ideas by granting some sort of protection for innovating. While this makes sense, the truth is that not all original business ideas qualify for intellectual property rights award. It is interesting that business ideas on their own do not qualify for protection.

I have set out a few simple steps through which an originator of “business ideas” can guard their idea without necessarily being given intellectual property rights protection.

The first is simply being wise and cautious about your dealings with third parties concerning these ideas. Do not disclose this idea to others without being strategic about it. Premature disclosure could lead to its annihilation or theft.

In the event you opt to disclose, then ensure that you have signed non-disclosure and confidentiality agreements. Please do consult a lawyer to assist in its preparation and avoid picking template drafts from the internet. Some are irrelevant to the domestic situation and actually accord you no protection.

Another way of guarding your business idea is simply using sound organisational structure. It so happens that the persons who steal your ideas and open up parallel businesses are your employees. Therefore have a structure in place whereby disclosures are for senior management, and use trade secrets such as coding to protect the idea. The employment contract should have restriction covenants.

I would encourage one to write down the business idea in form of a booklet and seek copyright protection for the same. This means that the content of your idea will have some element of protection. In the event it is a website, it would also be useful to get copyright protection. This would minimise the imitation of the idea in so far as expression of the same is concerned.

Lastly seek trademark protection to protect your brand name from persons who would want to pass of the brand as their own.

However, the best way to guard against imitation of ideas is by engaging in continuous innovation and staying ahead of the pack.

Source – Business Daily

MUSIC: Why Kent and Flosso’s ‘Byafayo’ is the jam that will make your traffic woes disappear

MUSIC: Why Kent and Flosso’s ‘Byafayo’ is the jam that will make your traffic woes disappear

By Trevor Taremwa

One cannot help simply singing along tothis new love anthem from one of the most talented, hard- working and underrated musical duos, Voltage music.

Kent and Flosso sing their souls out to this one girl with whom they promise to write down history in the books of love.

They craft their story carefully, with well thought out lyrics as they sequen- tially narrate their journey, from how they met the girl downtown in a red dress and this, is arguably one of Voltage’s most outstanding efforts.

The production is smooth. A consistent bass tempo fused with subtle piano keys that spells out a love ballad from the word go. The chorus has an infusion of afro beat and RnB that sets pace for the duos effortless delivery.

The song has very rich lyrical prowess. Kent in the opening verse becomes a story teller, narrating how he met this dream girl, downtown, in a red dress as they waited for a train.

The lyrics have rhyme, they tend towards poetry and they paint a very vivid picture and one cannot simply wait for what the video will look like.

In another verse, Flosso alludes to the once popular Televisionseries couple of “Angelo and Ina” as he refers to how great theirlove will be. The lyrical connection is deep.

Kent’s vocal prowess is breathtaking. Ever since the duo’s rstsong, he has taken tremendous strides as far as his vocal deliv- ery and he sure does justice to this song.

On this song, Voltage music not only make love history but also write down musical history as one of the most talented duos we have seen in the industry. Tremendous effort.Very beautiful song.

Source – matookerepublic