Three areas could threaten or fail revitalisation: cessation of hostilities ceasefire and security arrangements; the one national army issue; and Transitional period in which the parties signatory to revitalised ARCSS declare their commitment to smooth and collective implementation of the renewed agreement. The fourth area is none contentious: the administrative transformation and institutional reforms.
Besides these slippery three issues, the call for a new constitution to carter for an agreed system of government, freedoms, liberties, democracy, rule of law and communities’ rights (human rights), is a big national expectation safe for unity of the country. With these issues in hand, people ask: but who will run the renewed transitional government, once the revitalisation succeed?
The people of South Sudan think that the phrase “Transional Government of National Unity, TGoNU,” is not only nuisent, but responsible for failures in the fields of nation building from 2005 to 2011. The first six-year, transitional (interim) period, following the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement, CPA, between Khartoum and Juba, failed to implement the agreement in many areas: Borders between the two countries, Abyei, the Nuba Mountains and Blue Nile. In 2013, only two years of independence, the country went back for another war within itself, thus to inter another transitional phase in 2015 up to date. This period has registered yet a devastating humanitarian disaster in which many people died as a result of war, lack of food and related deadly illnesses. As we speak, two million South Sudanese citizens are internally displaced under UN care and security protection against their government, an aweful phenomenon. If the revitalisation agreement succeeds, another three years of a transitional period shall emerge. The mediators along with the warring parties should try to avoid prescription of government cabinet positions for themselves, a senario which caused problems and failure of peace agreements and definite shall bring another failure and everything else.
The divisive issues: ceasefire, one national army, the constitution, national transformation, reforms and responsible TGoNU should be given serious attention by mediators and the negotiating parties. Such considerations may be helpful in saving the country and its people from intering another war and sufferings.