By Dr. Aldo Deng-Akuey

Addressing the Graduates from the military college in 1994, Dr. John Garang de Mabior, within a long lecture, had this to say, “when the SPLM gets political power in New Sudan, things shall be different from the SPLM/SPLA war efforts we are undergoing. The Government program shall be different in designation and provision of social development and delivery of services. The Government shall provide money to build roads, schools, and hospitals. We must know that a government, any government worldwide, does not possess ready-printed money in stores, though our people believe that a government has money stored in big public stores to be freely handed out to people. That image is false. The government depends on taxes paid by the citizens and from all fields of private industries. If there are no taxes, then the government, per se, shall not function or deliver any services.”

As Dr. John correctly predicted, South Sudanese believe that there is a lot of free money in-store of the National Bank of South Sudan, owned by the Ministry of Finance and other private banks for a takeaway. South Sudan’s economy is very sick now, and requires a very speedy treatment, though we had had hiccoughs since 2005.

As we speak, the economic situation of South Sudan is in further decline: The Revitalized Transitional Government of National Unity (R-TGoNU) has authoritative devices and should fix it!
But, with hind eyes, it is quite a fact of history that the Republic of South Sudan was born out of a deadly civil war between Khartoum and Southern Sudan, from 1955 to 2005. The long war killed 2.5 million South Sudanese and destroyed every square of land and every property on its face.

Fortunately, not luckily, the SPLM prevailed and, in 2005, liberated the country and declared its independence on 9 July 2011. South Sudan inherited no assets, or financial reserves from Khartoum, though it inherited the land and primarily developed of 10% of petroleum reserves, Khartoum couldn’t leave us alone to administer it.

In 2012, the oil production was closed down following the conflict with Khartoum over the oil conduit pipeline, from the oil fields of South Sudan to Port Sudan. This crisis was followed up with rebellion in 2013. The 98% national revenue was now gone. The country then and the resilience South Sudanese had no any other means rather than hand-to-mouth-economic life.

Many South Sudanese, internally and externally, say the economy has been mismanaged by corrupt “Dinka Government and Jieng Council of Elders (JCE). Less, the critics don’t refer to Mother SPLM and its “break-away” wings SPLM IO and SPLM Leaders, the Former Detainees (FDs), in order to charge them against the “2013-2018’s “senseless war” and the main reasons that led to the economic break-down and eventual collapsed.
Genuine professional critics correctly believe that the economics of South Sudan suffered first, from ignorance, political anarchy within the ruling SPLM, Government’s mismanagement, corruption, Troika (the US, UK, and Norway) withdrawal of economic aids, the Khartoum’s sabotage and the recent war of 2013-2018. Now that the war has ended, what next?

What next is to commit to the new page: The 12 September 2018, Revitalized Agreement on Resolution of Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan (R-ARCSS). The Presidency and R-TGoNU must take full charge, in accordance with the R-ARCSS and the Constitution, close the recent past and implement concurrently, all the chapters within the agreed timetable by the parties and mediators led by IGAD, AU and the UN.

In my opinion, the South Sudanese, without prejudice to the Presidency and R-TGoNU, should focus on and follow up the process leading to a successful and smooth implementation of R-ARCSS, “in letter and spirit.” Blames and counter blames are bygones, that shall not bail out the country and the suffering citizenry of South Sudan, from the accumulated destruction and chaotic mess we have alone inflicted on ourselves and the country. Let’s focus and concentrate on the peaceful resolution of our conflicts.

Aldo Ajou Deng Akuey,

Martyrs Day Commemoration

The Republic of South Sudan’s MARTYRS DAY Commemoration (30 July 2005-30 July 2020), that is the fifteenth anniversary!
The word martyr means: one who sacrifices, has sacrificed, sacrificed, his/her life, his/her station, or what is of great value to him/her, for the sake of principle, sustain a cause.
We in the Republic of South Sudan, we critically vision, remember and recall the moment, the successful political environment, circumstances and time in which the Chairman of the SPLM, the commander in chief of National Army, SPLA, and then First Vice President of the Republic of Sudan and President of the strongest autonomous region of Southern Sudan.
Dr. John Garang de Mabior signed the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) on 9 January 2005, in Nairobi, appointed as the First Vice President of Sudan on 9 July 2005 and Killed on 30 July 2005, thus recording to have lived only for seven months of the CPA.
The Martyr of South Sudan, African, and the world died for a just cause as defined above. He converted the definition of “the problem Southern Sudan” that guided the first war of 1955-1972, as “the Problem of Sudan” and qualified it to mean that “Sudan is for Sudanese.” He denounced the “Arab minority ruling clique in Khartoum to give up racism and Islamic Sharia” for transformed NEW SUDAN for Unity, Equality, Justice, liberty and the rule of law.
Dr. John Garang, William Deng Nhial, Joseph Oduho, Samuel Gai Tut, Akuot Atem, Gordon Mortat Mayen, Kerubino Kuanyin, William Nyuon Beny, their immediate colleagues, and the two and a half million Martyrs along with heroes, heroines ane thousands of widows and the living with disabilities.
The Survivors, of the longest liberation war in the world, led by President Salva Kiir Mayardit and the First Vice President Riek Machar Teny, must, I repeat must, look back, beyond the independence declaration on 9 July 2005 and in order to make peace the capital priority and correct the mess and chaos we have alone incurred on our people and the country, from 15 December 2013-2018. Thus using the R-ARCSS to bail out the country and her aggrieved citizenry.
God save us and South Sudan!

My Opinion: Olony Crisis

Signed on 12 September 2018, by President Salva Kiir Mayardit and First Vice President Riek Machar Teny, was/is the Revitalised Agreement on Resolution of Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan (R-ARCSS). R-ARCSS has been pushing itself peacefully, then and now, from 12 September 2018, all the way to anchor at the port of Atar, the domain of General Olony, on 12 July 2020. Nearly after one year in skeptical peace, we are alerted to stop over and watch the tug of war between the SPLM and SPLM IO over SPLM IO’s nominee, Olony, for President Salva Kiir to indorse and appoint him as governor of Upper Nile state or otherwise.
Well, the culture of disagreements over allocations, sharing portfolios from the Presidency down the line of institutions, establishments of new ministries and appointments of ministers and governors, has real robbed valuable time from the implementation flow, though Olony crisis is far from over.
If Olony crisis ends peacefully, being the wish of majority of South Sudanese, the tug of war between the two political leaders, Salva and Riek, I assume, shall resume over formation and appointment of members to both houses of the National Legislature: Council of States and National Legislative Assembly. This may take another six months, that would amount to two years.
Nevertheless, let’s say, our obligations and committed to R-ARCSS implementation “in letter and spirit,” is an oath to “survive as a nation or disappear into Limbo” like Somalia, Lybia or Biafra.
In case we shall be obliged to hold onto the transition in order to transform the legitimate sovereign institons: the national security, unified National Army, the economy, social desipline, democratic institutions along with liberties and freedoms and binding Federal constitution, acceptable to all nationalities that stakehold the country. More time is needed to deliver this country to the coming future generations.
Having stated the commitment to R-ARCSS, strong decisions must be taken by the R-TGoNU to attend to the service of the homeless South Sudanese: 6 million displaced internally and externally in the neighbouring countries and the half of the population is in the bondages of hunger, diseases (and COVID-19 killer) and in chains of poverty. More public attention must be given to citizens in order for them to restore hope the deserve for future, though they have already lost hope for better future.
In my opinion, the leaders are not committed to peace and security for their country and in relations to Africa and the world peace and security. The leaders are also resistance to true reconciliation and forgiveness in order to restore the trust and confidence they need to do collective public duty for the people and their country. Let’s take serious awareness of these leaders and their genuine commitment to this nation. They are likely to go back to war again or definitively fail the country.
By: Aldo Ajou Deng Akuey (PhD)


By Dr. Aldo Ajou Deng-Akuey

Let’s hope for the best, while we thank God for giving us the R-ARCSS, signed on 12 September 2018, by the then warring parties (the -SPLM, SPLM IO and SSOA).

As the public of South Sudan is affected and devastated by traumatic insecurity, lack of food, death and poverty, our expectations are always put on government leaders to bail us out of the sufferings on which hopeful wishes hang on smooth implementation of the peace deal “in letter and spirit” and in good faith.

Our expectations need inclusive and concerted efforts for the R-ARCSS to succeed. But, without Join commitment, honesty, trust and confidence among the leaders and the affected citizens of South Sudan, the “expectations for peaceful stable country shall never be achieved.” There is a believe, right now, that the political parties: the SPLM, SPLM IO and SSOA in the Presidency and R-TGoNU, are not collectively united in a sole agenda of “peace and security” per se, but differ on their agendas. The SPLM honestly leads the agenda of “peace and security.” But, the former adversaries of President Salva Kiir Mayardit, who should be seen to firmly commit to peace and security agenda, are half-heartedly uncommitted. To be exact in my reading, SPLM IO and SSOA are gambling on which is which agenda?: Peace and security or the “regime change.” They have already succeeded by dissolving the 32 states and sanctioning official supporters of President Salva Kiir through the Sentry “Enough project.” These parties are not in peace with the SPLM, but they have a devised strategic change of approach towards the “Kiir must go!”

Yes, the evidence shows that some criticisms are constructive in terms of power sharing, but, seriously, domestic and international critics pose a targeting and destructive campaign against our country and its founding leadership. For example, “Kiir and Riek should be excluded from unity Government!” That means the R-ARCSS could collapse. We are very much aware that South Sudan is a fragile, weak socially, politically and economically, thus facing compounded problems of livelihood in all fields.
In my assessment, the only option available to South Sudanese, in order to save the unity of the country and humanity is the R-ARCSS if the national security institutions are reorganised, united and integrated. These challenges are so huge and so much that the main political parties’ leaders, can not solve them alone without public commitment and necessary support.

To be exact and honest, the problems facing the Presidency and R-TGoNU, are getting worse under the pandemic COVID-19 regime. First, the pandemic has done away with the only National source of revenues: (a) oil markets prices internationally are down, (b) no exports or imports duties, (c) food production failed last year, thus causing severe hunger, (d) repatriation, rehabilitation and resettlement of 6 million returning refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs), (e) rendering the country to an acute poverty. In a nutshell, our country is financially handicapped to fund the implementation of R-ARCSS, let alone the humanitarian disaster, in terms of hunger, internal homelessness and coming back of refugees from the neighbouring countries. But, the good thing is that, the politicians are not going back to war. But the violence ranges among the communities (call them tribes if you like).

But, Nevertheless, new violence has moved out of Juba to states of Jonglei, Upper Nile, unity versus Warrap, Lakes and Central Equatoria. The fighting in Jonglei is a politico-community war. It involves Morlei, Nuer Low and Dinka. The war expected to erupt in Upper Nile, would be among the Nuer, Dinka and shilluk. The war going on in central Equatoria is said to be a liberation war, against who? It is not yet clear, but gossips figure point against politicians and warlords. These fightings are not small, they can seriously divide the communities, states and regions or could derail the ongoing Revitalised national peace.

Let’s accept the fact that our country is at the climax of national paralysis and dispersal in all fields of livelihoods. All of us must unite, avoid social and political anarchy for national dialogue, reconciliation and forgiveness.

In my opinion, the problems facing the country now are comprehensively identified by many South Sudanese intellectuals’ forums, such as the National Dialogue forum, Ebony centre-Think Tank, Sudd Research institution, professionals of schools of know how, universities and other centres in Africa and elsewhere in the world. Available are South Sudanese writers like Francis Mading Deng, Jacob Jiel Akol, Bona Malual, Dr. Lual A Deng, so many more-and check on historical records for political philosopher, Dr. John Garang’s on unity of Sudanese Africans, Arabs, Muslims and Christians. History of decolonized and post independence developments infrastructures are available.

These groups and individuals are not being consulted on related issues to their professionalisms and expierences to success or failure and why? There is no country anywhere in the world, that does not consult or refer it problems for experts opinion or advice, specially when the country is under establishment and eventual nation building.

The politicians need to involve South Sudanese civil society, women, youth, intellectuals and the church, in order to succeed in their endeavor to implement the R.ARCSS successfully. Otherwise implementation process shall fail. Aldo Ajou

Accept and Upheld the crisis in our country

The presidency and R-TGoNU, let alone the National Legislature and Judiciary, which are yet to be formally revitalised and established in accordance with constitution and R-ARCSS, are lockdowned. The High Level Coronavirus Taskforce Committee, led then by First Vice President, Dr. Riek Machar, tested positive, quarantined and replaced.
The New National Coronavirus Taskforce Committee is headed by Vice President Hussien Akol Ayii Akol, in his capacity as the head of the R-TGoNU services cluster and membership of technocrats. This National Taskforce Committee is correctly composed of national experts and professionals. I assume the Committee shall be in touched with scientists of South Sudan and the world.
Although the terms of reference of the Committee seem precisely, confine to emergency campaign against the unknown disease, covid-19, yet it is complementary to peace and security arrangements, the acute economic crisis, humanitarian issues-in terms of repatriation of refugees and internally displaced communities, the hunger affected citizens in the towns and villages and the entire insecurity all over the country.
In a Nutshell, this hugely compounded crisis facing our country, should be upheld, accepted and obligatorily recognised by our leaders and the loyal citizenry of South Sudan as unprecedented, and therefore ultimately dangerous to livelihood of our people and the country.
To overcome this compounded national crisis, the collective transitional leadership, led by the parties in the presidency, R-TGoNU, the parliament, Judiciary, the states’ governments and the communities must come to “sensefull peace” and condemn the “senseless war” along with evils and devils of hate, jealousy, suspicion, none idealogical rivalry, political anarchy and violence.
Putting these evil social relationships among the politians and communities behind us, could surely provide the solidarity and collective approach we badly need to overcome the current dangers facing our country. We also need the world to understand our humanitarian crisis of the post war and the world extended coronavirus human killer. South Sudan alone, shall not overcome these disastrous phenomena.
In my opinion, South Sudan needs to concentrate on its available resources to generate money by increasing petroleum production and mineral wealth available. Second, we have to seek the international diplomatic deals and support through the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) and the African Union Security Council (AUSC), since they were/are both involved in humanitarian assistance, peace and security in South Sudan. The leadership in the presidency and R-TGoNU must appeal to the UNSC and AUSC for the world support we need, without diplomatic prejudice. This is the only option, I think, which is available to us for mere survival of the population and the country. Otherwise South Sudan shall not lonely survive this “sunama.” Dr. Aldo Deng-Akuey

Self Claimed “Liberators”

The arrogance of individual self claimed liberators of South Sudan that “we liberated it, you were not there!” Yes, you were there. But, maybe you were physically a SPLA soldier or a refugee. Well done.
The liberation war and political dispensations, were successfully well led by William Deng, Joseph Oduho, Joseph Lagu and ultimately strongly completed by Dr. John Garang and Salva Kiir, from 1955-2011 (56 years), respectively into “freedom at last!” Deadly, but with determinant consistency and persistency of our leaders and South Sudanese-mothers and fathers, we were able to arrived safely to the independence’s final port. Let’s commemorate the two and half millions martyrs, heroes and heroines, and thank our leaders who fought hard from 1955-2011, a “thanksgiving” they deserved.
But, what happened to us, the survivers of the liberation war? We messed it up, by initiating a self- destructive “senseless war” from 2013-2018. Nonetheless, the warring leaders, assumingly without clear commitment, succumbed and yielded to domestic and international pressures to end war for peaceful resolution of the conflict.
On 12 semptember 2018, the SPLM, SPLM IO and SSOA, led by President Salva Kiir Mayardit, First Vice President Riek Machar Teny and Hon. Gabriel Changson Chang, respectively, signed the Revitalised Agreement on Resolution of Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan (R-ARCSS). The R-ARCSS, not a new Bible, contains the solutions we need to finally resolve the devastating crisis we have inflicted on the people of South Sudan and the very country we fought for, liberated and reclaimed its sovereignty.
Thank God, the R-ARCSS is holding and fully subjected to implementation metrixes,led by the Presidency and R-TGoNU in accordance with the transitional constitution, amended 2019. Inspite of this success, the people of South Sudan and regional and international friends, are caught up by “skepticism,” doubting the sincerity and commitment of the former warring leaders; the very same leaders who made mistakes, led the country to war and assumed to have brought the country out of war. Amazing Grace…?
It is said that “people learn from their own mistakes and that of others.” Do our leaders really show signs of having learned from their own mistakes? As we speak, the evidence demonstrates that they have not learned from any mistakes, theirs or others. Instead of reconciling, forgiving one another, apologising to the people or regretting the damages they have inflicted on the country, they continue locked up in suspicion and political antoganism, thus jeopardising the implementation process beyond the formation of R-TGoNU, on 22.2.2020. At lease people expected immediate formation of the ten states’ governments, but this is not forth coming. Reasons of the delays, they say, are simple and only personal between Salva Kiir and Riek Machar. It is the same scenario that faced the formation of R-TGoNU, that continues to face every step in the process of the implementation.
Apparently, the implementation of the R-ARCSS is not moving at the expected rate or speed. The R-TGoNU is incomplete and exclusive. The Revitalised National Legislature (R-NL) and Revitalised Judiciary of South Sudan (R-JSS) are not yet formed and established in accordance with the constitution, amended 2019. The slow down is real and may not be averted soon with ease, since everything is now dependent on the two leaders, Salva and Riek.
In my opinion, the presidency and R-TGoNU shall fail the Transition. Thus, the guarantors, Uganda and Sudan, should keep the leaders engaged for the sole interest of peace loving South Sudanese and the country. We must stick to R-ARCSS. It is the only peace option and hope! Dr. Aldo Ajou Deng Akuey.

The Pandemic

The pandemic disease, coronavirus-covid-19 (C19) is a new killer in South Sudan. Two and half millions died in the war of liberation from 1955-2005. Forty thousand died in our “senseless war of 2013-2018.” That death was inclusive of diseases and lack of food. All in all, the R-ARCSS and its implementation machine, the R-TGoNU, is seriously interrupted by the Pandemic C19 and with collapsed of our insecurity, economy, hunger, diseases and poverty. The country is seriously halted. We have to move collectively in order to rescue humanity in South Sudan and the Country itself. Let’s standup now and to gather for the purpose of “save ourselves and the country.” All the war mongers must be told to stop now and join our war for survival.

Second Uprising Commemoration

Today is a day to remember and commemorate the second uprising, the 16th of May 1983. The first uprising dates back to 18th of August 1955.
We always confine these great Martyrs’, Heroes’ and Heroines’ National stopovers’ days, to celebrate and remember, critically, the liberation leaderships.
In the lead is the National Icon, Dr. John Garang de Mabior Atem and his Liberation Mates, Kerubino Kuanyin Bol, William Nyuon, Lual Diing Wol, Molana Martin Majier Gai, who helped to draft the visionary SPLA/SPLM’ Manufesto, Constitution and laws that led the way to freedom and independence on 9 July 2011.
Honestly, the National Congratulatory messages, flowing today within South Sudan and worldwide, go to President Salva Kiir Mayardit and people of South Sudan. While we pray to God almighty to divert and reverse the evil deadly disease, coronavirus-vivid-19.
Peace be with me and you
Juba, South Sudan

Fighting against locust invasion in East Africa – still on!

Agency chief Qu Dongyu stressed that more action is still needed to avert a food security crisis as the ongoing rainy season, which benefits farmers and pastoralists, also provides favourable conditions for locusts to breed.

“Our gains have been significant; but the battle is long and is not yet over”, he said. “More people are at risk of losing their livelihoods and worsening food security in the coming months.”

Protecting crops and livelihoods

FAO has released its first progress report on the locust control campaign which began in January and now covers 10 countries: Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Uganda, Tanzania and Yemen.

It was launched to protect crops and livelihoods from what are considered the most destructive migratory pests in the world. A single Desert Locust swarm, which can contain up to 150 million insects per square kilometre, is capable of eating as much food in a day, as 35,000 people.

Through FAO’s support, more than 365,000 hectares have been controlled, and an additional 350,000 pastoral households have been spared from distress.

While swathes of treated land are now relatively locust-free, the agency warned that a second wave of locusts will transition to the young adult phase in June, at a critical time when many farmers prepare to harvest their crops.
Second locust wave and food insecurity looming

FAO said the upsurge is “particularly alarming” in the broader context.

Forecasts made prior to the COVID-19 crisis indicate that more than 25 million people in the East Africa region will face acute food insecurity in the latter half of the year. An additional 17 million people in Yemen are already affected.

“We can and must protect vulnerable people from the impact of multiple crises: conflicts, climate extremes, desert locusts and COVID-19, which threaten to cause a further dramatic deterioration in their food security,” said Mr. Qu, the FAO Director General.

“To do this, we need to intensify our efforts further and focus not just on controls but on supporting the livelihoods of farmers and pastoralists so they can get through this.”

Intensifying efforts

An FAO appeal launched in January has netted $130 million. While funding has been largely concentrated on locust control activities, more support for livelihoods is needed.

Governments have been working with the UN agency to design, monitor and implement control operations. FAO has also been providing pesticides, bio-pesticides, equipment, aircraft and training.

Given the favourable conditions for locust reproduction, the agency has called for sustained efforts, and a revised appeal will be launched in the coming weeks.

The appeal will request additional resources for Iran and Pakistan, which are also facing locust infestations, and for scaling up efforts in the Sahel region, which risks being affected.