Thomas Sankara: An Upright Man

Thomas Sankara: An Upright Man

Source: Author: Adjei-Gyamfi Yaw

On 15 October, Africa joins hands with the people of Burkina Faso to celebrate the life and work of this great African icon.

Many nationalist leaders took up frontline roles to liberate their people from colonialism, regardless of the life-threatening conditions and consequences that prevailed at the time. African people were facing harsh conditions in their homelands due to colonial domination and exploitation. North of Ghana’s border is Burkina Faso, a country that owes its birth to a young, selfless and dynamic Pan-Africanist leader, Thomas Isidore Sankara. He was the leader of Burkina Faso’s revolutionary government from 1983 to 1987. To embody the new autonomy and rebirth, he renamed the country, changing from “Upper Volta” to “Burkina Faso”, which means “Land of Upright Men”.

(FILES) A file picture taken on February 7, 1986 shows Captain Thomas Sankara, President of Burkina Faso, giving a press conference in Paris. An autopsy on the supposed remains of Burkina Faso’s iconic ex-president Thomas Sankara, who was killed in a 1987 coup, showed he was ‘riddled with bullets”, a lawyer for his family said October 13, 2015. Lawyer Ambroise Farama emphasised she was still waiting for the results of DNA tests to confirm the body was that of the revolutionary former army captain but said “there is every reason to believe” the remains exhumed from a cemetery in the capital Ouagadougou in May were his. AFP PHOTO / PASCAL GEORGE

In an interview, Ernest Harsch, the biographer of Thomas Sankara, paints a vivid image of the remarkable personality of this legendary African icon:
He did not like the general pomp that came with the office. He was interested in ideas. He’d think for a while, then respond to your questions. In terms of public events, he really knew how to talk to people. He was a great orator. He loved to joke. He often played with the French language and coined new terms. He often made puns. So, he had a sense of humour. In Burkina Faso, you’d see him riding around the capital on a bicycle or walking around on foot without an entourage.
Such was the affability and the humility of Sankara.
On 15 October, Africa joins hands with the people of Burkina Faso to celebrate the life and work of this great African icon. The continent celebrates his unwavering commitment and dedication to the resistance of the continued oppression of the Burkinabe people by the colonial authority of France.
Sankara is also remembered for the strides he made to develop his country in areas of education, health and gender empowerment, as well as his fiery desire to eradicate corruption and its effects. This article highlights the legacy of Sankara, with a clear reflection of what he stood for in his lifetime. Juxtaposed with the life and legacy of this illustrious son of Africa, the last section looks at the general bankruptcy of leadership in Africa today.
Exactly what did Thomas Sankara want for his country?
Noel Nebie, a retired professor of economics, told Al-Jazeera: “Sankara wanted a thriving Burkina Faso, relying on local human and natural resources, as opposed to foreign aid, and starting with agriculture, which represents more than 32 percent of the country’s GDP and employs 80 percent of the working population. He smashed the economic elite who controlled most of the arable land and granted access to subsistence farmers. That improved production, making the country almost self-sufficient.”

As an ardent advocate of self-sufficiency and a strong opposition to foreign aid or intervention, Sankara held the conviction that “he who feeds you, controls you”.

Sankara’s foreign policy was largely focused on anti-imperialism, with his government shunning all foreign aid. He insisted on debt reduction, nationalising all land and mineral wealth, and averting the power and influence of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and World Bank. His domestic policies were focused on preventing famine with agrarian self-sufficiency and land reform, prioritising education with a nationwide literacy campaign, and promoting public health by vaccinating 2,5 million children against meningitis, yellow fever and measles. As an ardent advocate of self-sufficiency and a strong opposition to foreign aid or intervention, Sankara held the conviction that “he who feeds you, controls you.” Sankara was vocal against the sustained neo-colonial penetration of Africa through Western trade and finance. He called for a united front of African nations to renounce their foreign debt and argued that the poor and exploited did not have an onus to repay money to the rich and exploiting. In a speech delivered by Sankara in October 1984, he declared, “I come here to bring you fraternal greetings from a country whose 7 million children, women and men refuse to die of hunger, ignorance and thirst any longer.”
Taking a similar stance to the revolutionaries Fidel Castro and Ernesto Che Guevara, Sankara voiced his displeasure over the arrogant treatment of the people of Burkina Faso by the rulers of the imperialist world. He vehemently criticised the impoverished conditions of the Burkinabe people and showed a strong determination to uphold the dignity of his people who had suffered savagely due to colonialism and neo-colonialism. Sankara had sworn to oppose the continued oppression of Africans and refused to subscribe to the economic bondage of class society and its unholy consequences.
To address prevailing land imbalances, Sankara embarked on a redistribution of land from the colonial ‘landlords’, returning it to the peasants. As a result, wheat production rose in three years from 1 700 kilogram per hectare to 3 800 kilogram per hectare, making the country self-sufficient in terms of food. He also campaigned against the importation of apples from France when Burkina Faso had tropical fruits that could not be sold. As a way to promote the growth of the local industry and national pride, Sankara impressed upon public servants to wear a traditional tunic, woven from Burkinabe cotton and sewn by Burkinabe craftsmen.
The modest nature of Sankara is one of the most prominent features of this African legend. He remained a humble leader who won the hearts and admiration of all his people and followers. He lived a relatively modest lifestyle, doing away with the luxuries widely associated with the oligarchs of Africa. As president, he had his salary cut to US$450 a month and reduced his possessions to a car, four bikes, three guitars, a fridge and a broken freezer. Sankara stood out from the leaders who led the freedom struggle for liberation in Africa. This was because he was a communist. He believed that “a world built on different economic and social foundations can be created not by technocrats, financial wizards or politicians, but by the masses of workers and peasants whose labour, joined with the riches of nature, is the source of all wealth”. A devoted Marxist, he drew inspiration for his fight for the emancipation of the working class from his belief that Marxism was not a set of “European ideals” that were alien to the class struggle in Africa.

Sankara agreed with the words of Marcus Mosiah Garvey: “Education is the medium through which a people can prepare for their own civilisation and the advancement and glory of their own race.” Sankara recognised the importance of education in order to liberate his people from colonial damnation.

He initiated a nation-wide literacy campaign, increasing the literacy rate from 13 percent in 1983 to 73 percent in 1987.
Sankara also understood the importance of women in the success of the revolution and the overall development of a nation. He empowered the women of Burkina Faso. As Pathfinder Press states, “From the very beginning, one of the hallmarks of the revolutionary course Sankara fought for was the mobilisation of women to fight for their emancipation.”
His commitment to women’s rights led him to outlaw female genital mutilation, forced marriages and polygamy, while appointing women to high governmental positions.
In October 1983, he declared in a speech that “the revolution and women’s liberation go together. We do not talk of women’s emancipation as an act of charity or out of a surge of human compassion. It is a basic necessity for the revolution to triumph. Women hold up the other half of the sky”. He appointed women to high governmental positions, encouraged them to work, recruited them into the military and granted pregnancy leave during education. His commitment to women’s rights led him to outlaw female genital mutilation, forced marriages and polygamy, while appointing women to high governmental positions.

Overthrow and death

On 15 October 1987, Thomas Sankara was murdered in a coup d’état, which was engineered by his trusted friend, brother and right-hand man in the revolution, Blaise Campaore. He was killed, along with 12 other officials, by his former colleague. Sankara’s body was dismembered and he was quickly buried in an unmarked grave, while his widow, Mariam, and their two children fled the nation. This was a disgraceful moment in the history of Burkina Faso. Campaore overturned most of Sankara’s policies and returned to the IMF. His dictatorship remained in power for 27 years until overthrown by popular protests in 2014.

General bankruptcy of leadership in Africa

At a time when Africans are desperately looking for development options and a way to regain an economically independent Africa, as envisaged by Sankara, Africa is bereft of such revolutionary-spirited leaders to spur on the fight for the economic emancipation and liberation of the continent. Much has been made of the discourse surrounding the potential re-colonisation of Africa by the emerging neo-colonial ‘kid on the block’—China.
October 14 marked the anniversary of the passing of another of Africa’s founding fathers of Pan Africanism, Julius Mwalimu Kambarage Nyere. In moments such as these, African leaders must revisit the ideals of these selfless leaders, who wished for nothing but the total emancipation of the African continent. Just as Sankara professed a week before his dastardly murder, “While revolutionaries as individuals can be murdered, you cannot kill ideas.”
Poor governance is one of the factors that have plunged the continent into extreme levels of poverty and the far-reaching effects of low standards of living. Governance among Africans has been plagued with political and economic failures and this has seemingly provided proof of the incapability of Africans to rule themselves.
African governments are characterised by corruption, nepotism and political instability. Tsenay Serequerberhan (1998) posited that, “In fact, the 1970s and the 1980s have already been for Africa a period of ‘endemic famine’ orchestrated by the criminal incompetence and political subservience of African governments to European, North American and Soviet interests.” Corruption among leaders on the African continent has been a major setback to Africa’s attempt to realise successes in the globalised economy. This canker on the continent has blinded the leaders of Africa to appreciate the altruistic purpose for which they have been placed at the helm of affairs of the state. It is almost impossible to dissociate extreme poverty and wilful inequality from countries faced with sky-high levels of corruption. It is not an issue that affects governance only at the national level, but it also undermines collective African efforts at addressing common developmental challenges.
Corruption in Africa has helped to further concentrate income and wealth, which ought to be directed towards the development of her people, in the hands of the privileged few, to the detriment ofmany through the unequal and inequitable distribution of resources. Africa’s inability on the part of governments to deal effectively with poverty has been, to a large extent, due to corruption. Pan Africanism has lost its shine among African leaders, with African governments still under the shackles of neo-colonialism. The Organisation of African Unity (now the African Union) was meant to be a glowing reflection of the achievements of Pan Africanism, but is nothing but a laughing stock that cannot fund its own budget: An office complex to host its meetings had to be a ‘gift’ from China. On a day when we celebrate the revolutionary spirit of Thomas Sankara, it is imperative to realise that “African leaders have so much to learn from Sankara about humility and public service”, as was said by Samsk Le Jah, a musician. For Alex Duval Smith, “While Burkina Faso’s former leader may not be the poster boy of revolution, like Argentine-born Che Guevara, many taxis across West Africa have a round sticker of him in his beret on their windscreens.”
Want to reduce your fat belly? Here’s how.

Want to reduce your fat belly? Here’s how.

10 simple ways to reduce fat belly

Belly fat is a concern for the majority of people. Due to the lifestyle, we are living, the ratio between the body fat and the bodyweight is disturbed. This ratio can be seen on the Belly. Extra fat in the body mostly gets accumulated on the midsection of the body which is the belly. Looking at our present situation it is high time that everyone must take their health seriously especially on belly fat reduction.

Belly fat reduction is a little complicated as a comparison to reducing the fat from the other parts of the body. It is the source of many health problems.

WHAT IS BELLY FAT?

The excess fat in the abdomen which surrounds the different organs in the stomach is belly fat.

There are basically three kinds of fat:-

  1. Triglycerides- This fat keep circulating in our blood
  2. Subcutaneous fat- This fat layer is present exactly below the surface of the skin
  3. Visceral fat- This is the fat accumulated in the belly. In other words a belly fat. This s located underneath the muscles of the stomach.

CAUSES OF BELLY FAT

It is important to look at the source behind every problem. Therefore, Before focussing at “ how to reduce belly fat ?” let’s put some light on what are the causes of “ Belly fat”.

  1. Diet:-

Diet plays an important role when it comes to weight gain. The foods containing a high amount of sugar like cake, candies, drinks like soda and fruit juices. Having a hight amount of sugar reduces our metabolism rate. As a result, the belly fat burning process slows down leading to belly fat.

Another reason is having high-carb diets and fewer protein diets. Moreover,    having trans-fats food also lead to obesity.

  1. Exercise:-

Another reason for having belly fat is the lack of exercise. A number of calories taken must be less than the number of calories burnt. But when this ratio is disturbed it leads to the accumulation of fat around the abdomen.

  1. Poor Sleep:-

Poor Sleep is directly connected to weight gain. Lack of sleep can result in emotional eating. Due to which we end up eating more.

  1. Stress:-

When we are in stress our body releases a hormone known as cortisol. This hormone reduces the metabolism rate of our body resulting in an increase in body fat and weight.

Besides the above mentioned reasons there are other factors also like smoking, alcohol, Ageing, Genetics, etc.

RISK INVOLVED IN HAVING A BELLY FAT

Some of the risks involved in having belly fat are:-

  • High Blood Sugar
  • High Blood Pressure
  • High Cholesterol Level
  • Large waistline
  • High Triglyceride Level
  • Cancer
  • Dementia
  • Stroke

Now after looking at above-mentioned details now you must be clear about the causes of belly fat. Above all, what are the risk involved?

BENEFITS OF REDUCING BELLY FAT

After reading the above-mentioned points you definitely want to reduce belly fat. Here are some of the benefits of reducing belly fat:-

  • Low risk of Diabetes
  • Low risk of Heart disease and high blood pressure
  • Better sleep
  • Low risk of having a Cancer
  • Fewer chances of having arthritis
  • Healthy old age

Now let’s look at what diet you need to reduce belly fat. Also, what exercises you need to reduce belly fat. Diet and exercise walk hand in hand. Both have to be taken care of to reduce the rigid belly fat. Too much diet and less workout or less diet and too much work will be of no use rather it will drain you and you can become ill or due to too much dieting can make your muscles weak and can cause injury while working out.

If you really want to have a good looking and healthy body then you must ask yourself the following questions:-

  • Are you aware of how many calories you are consuming each day?
  • Are you doing enough exercise to burn the calories you are consuming?
  • Are you regularly checking your weight?
  • Are you doing regular health check-ups to know why you are gaining weight?
  • Are you having the right weight with respect to your age and height?

10 SIMPLE WAYS TO REDUCE BELLY FAT

Let us give you the answer to a question you have in your mind since you have started reading this article. Here we are going to share with you the 10 simple way through which you can reduce your belly fat.

  1. A Balanced Diet:- A balanced diet will not only reduce your belly fat but it will also impact your overall health in a positive way. It fulfils the nutritional needs of your body. As a result, you are getting the exact amount of calories your body needs.
  2. Alcohol:- Consumption of a high amount of alcohol also leads to the belly fat. When you consume alcohol it increases your appetite and you end up eating more. Moreover, alcohol also impacts the working of the liver. Liver burns alcohol instead of fat. Alcohol also lowers down the metabolism rate.
  3. Quality Sleep:- It is recommended to sleep somewhere between 7-9 hours to have your body function properly. Have a healthy sleep so that you are active the entire day. One tip is to keep your mobile phone away from the room you are sleeping. Secondly, use an alarm clock rather than a phone alarm to get up in the morning.
  4. Exercise:- If you are serious about reducing your belly fat then start doing the exercise. Do those exercises which help you to reduce belly fat. In your busy life schedule the 45 minutes of your time for doing the exercise.
  5. Lifestyle:- In this digital world, we have a monotonous lifestyle. Change your lifestyle. Include trekking, walking, camping instead of going to a movie, playing indoor games at the weekend. Secondly, include salads, fruits, oats, quinoa, fish, chicken instead of a burger, pizza, fried items. Change in the lifestyle is the key to your healthy and fit body
  6. Tracking:- It is important to track the following
  • Are you eating a meal at the same time daily?
  • Are you having a sleep of minimum 8 hours?
  • Are you eating a balanced diet?
  • Are you doing exercise daily?

You can make more set of questions as per your requirement and track them. This will definitely help you in losing your weight and belly fat in a less amount of time

  1. Water intake:- It is proven that drinking at least 2-3 litres of water a day can result in an increase in your metabolism rate. Moreover, drinking plenty of water flush out the toxins from the body which overall improves your health. A hydrated body means a healthy body.
  2. 2 Minutes Exercise:- It is great if you can do a small 2 minutes exercise daily before you go to sleep. The exercise is:- Inhale for 4-5 seconds, hold your breath for 4-5 seconds so that you feel pressure in your tummy and then slowly exhale from your nose in 4-5 seconds. Repeat this process 5 times daily.
  3. Low-Stress Level:- Stress has become a common thing in our life nowadays. High stress is a direct connection with your weight gain and belly fat. Do some activities daily which can reduce stress like listening to songs, doing yoga, dance and medication etc.
  4. Smoking:- Smoking is another big reason for having belly fat. Have you ever seen a message behind every packet of cigarettes?? The message is “ Smoking is injurious to health”. Take the help of a doctor to quit smoking.

A HEALTHY DIET FOR REDUCING BELLY FAT

Here we are going to share with you some superfoods which you can start eating to reduce belly fat. As I mentioned before a balanced diet is very important for reducing belly fat.

  1. 5 Super Foods

Get in a habit of eating superfoods.

The five foods which you can include in your balanced diet are:-

  • Protein
  • Dairy
  • Grains
  • Fruits
  • Vegetables

Protein :

Protein is the must-have nutrient in your diet. Protein develops our muscles and brain.

Source of Protein

  • Chicken
  • Fish
  • Peas
  • Beans
  • Legumes
  • Almonds
  • Lentils
  • Walnuts

Dairy:

Dairy products are a rich source of calcium and vitamin D to the body.

Plant-based milk  ( Rich source of Calcium)

  • Soya milk
  • Flaxseed milk
  • Almond milk

Other sources of Calcium

  • Low-fat milk
  • Yoghurt

Grains:

Grains are of two types:-

  • Whole Grains
  • Refined Grains

Include whole grains in your diet. The breaking down process of the whole grain is slower, therefore, they impact very less on the blood sugar. Moreover, whole grains have more fibre as well as protein as compared to refined grains. Refined grains are the completely processed grain. The outer part of the grain is removed which results in a reduction of the finer and protein content.

Healthy Grains

  • Quinoa
  • Barley
  • Brown Rice
  • Buckwheat
  • Oats

Fruits and Vegetables

Fruits and vegetable are the must have foods in a balanced diet. It is recommended that one must eat whole fruit instead of making a juice out of them. All the fruits are good for your health.

There are a variety of vegetables available which we can include in our diet. Some of them are:-

  • Leafy green vegetables like spinach
  • Peas
  • Red veggies like Tomato
  • Orange Veggies like carrot
  • Eggplant
  • Bell Pepper and many more

It is recommended to eat raw veggies as much as you can or blanched/ stir fry rather than boiling it or completely cooking it. As this can lead to loss of nutrients.

  1. Avoid eating sugary foods. Too much-processed sugar intake can lead to chronic diseases like obesity, fatty liver etc.
  1. Try to eat fewer carbs like potato, white rice etc. Try to have just 50 grams of carbs each day.
  1. Use cold-pressed cooking oils extracted from seed like olive oil, groundnut oil.

EXERCISES TO REDUCE BELLY FAT

Is just doing daily exercise will help you reduce belly fat?

No, doing various different exercises will not help you to reduce your belly fat. The right exercise is important to reduce belly fat and come back into the shape.

We will share with which exercises are needed to reduce belly fat. Core exercises are essential to reduce belly fat. Some of them are as follows:-

  1. Crunches:- Crunches is the best exercise for losing weight. It is considered as one of the top exercises to burn fat. Lay down straight on the floor and then bent your knees. Place your hands behind your head. Inhale and lift up your upper part of your body. Similarly, exhale and go down. You must feel little pressure on your tummy when you are coming up.
  2. Jumping Jacks:- Another fat-burning exercise is jumping jacks. This exercise also helps in losing belly fat at a faster rate. Stand straight first and then jump and spread your legs wide and at the same time touch your arms to your head and then again come back to the previous positions. Repeat this at a faster rate. You can start with 20 reps.
  3. Walking:- While having your healthy diet if you are walking 40-45 minutes daily very soon you will see the change in your weight.
  4. Running/jogging:- When you are bored with crunches and jumping jacks choose running or jogging. These are an anaerobic exercise to reduce belly fat.
How to Back up and download WhatsApp Database in Google Drive

How to Back up and download WhatsApp Database in Google Drive

WhatsApp is one of the most popular messaging applications which have been used by millions of users worldwide. Are you using WhatsApp?  Then you might be aware of the WhatsApp feature in which WhatsApp keeps our all the chat or media backup on Google drive. Have you ever seen where the backup data are stored? No right? It’s because of the security feature of WhatsApp. But there is a way by which we can download WhatsApp Database from Google Drive. Continue reading to find the method to download WhatsApp database.

nile-explorer-south-sudan

Backup/Download WhatsApp Database from Google Drive

How to Perform Google Drive Backup of WhatsApp Messages

If you are an Android user, you can sync your chat history, as well as media to Google Drive in these steps:

Run WhatsApp -> Tap “Settings” -> Select “Chats” -> Click “Chat backup” -> Press “Back up to Google Drive” -> Choose a Google account to save your data to.

Download WhatsApp Database from Google Drive

  • Open your Whatsapp messenger.
  • Go to Settings >> Click on Chat.
  • Click on Chat Backup >> Select the Google Account.
  • Then Click on Backup, Your WhatsApp chat backup start to create the backup in your Google Account Drive.

How to Get the Backup File of WhatsApp Chat

  • Open your Whatsapp messenger
  • Click on Chat >> Click on Chat backup
  • Click on Backup >> Then you Click on Chat Backup, system creating a backup file
  • After Backup Process Completed
  • Go to My Files >> Open Internal Memory
  • Click on WhatsApp folder >> Click on DataBases
  • Check on the date of backup >> Take a latest one backup file
  • Copy it into your Expandable memory or Send to your PC.

How to Disconnect WhatsApp Backup from Google Drive

  • Go to Google Play Store and at the top of the play store your Username will be Shown
  • If you have the Password of that Email account, it’s good. otherwise, go to the browser and forget your email password
  • Now your work is started: Go to Google Drive and log in with your same Play store Email ID and Password.
  • Once you log in, you can see the right side Setting Icon Click on it
  • Now, a pop-up box show on your screen and by default it is on the “General” tab just click on “Managing Apps”.
  • Now you can get access to WhatsApp Messenger
  • Click on “Option” and there are only two option “Disconnect from drive” and “Delete Hidden App Data”.
  • Now choose “Disconnect from Drive” and click “Ok”
  • And now your WhatsApp backup has been disconnected from Google drive

How to Delete and Stop WhatsApp Backup on Google Drive

  • Go to Google Play store and check out the username of your account
  • Log in with your username and password
  • Now, go to Google Drive; a pop-up box show on your screen and by default it is on the “General” tab just click on “Managing Apps”.
  • Now you can get access to WhatsApp Messenger
  • Click on “Option” and there are only two option “Disconnect from drive” and “Delete Hidden App Data”
  • Now, choose the option “Delete Hidden App Data” and Click “OK”
  • If you want to stop WhatsApp Backup temporarily, then you can choose the option “Disconnect from Drive” and click “OK”

Transferring WhatsApp via Google Drive Backup

Google Drive backup is the saving of your messages and media to your personal Google Drive account. To use Google Drive, make sure the following is true:

  • Your device must be synced with Google Drive.
  • Google Play Services must be installed (only available for Android 2.3.4 and later).
  • Your Google Drive account must have enough space for all of your WhatsApp data.
  • Your phone must have enough free space to create the backup.
Follow the Below Steps:-
  1. Backup WhatsApp messages on your old device to Google Drive, go to WhatsApp > Settings > Chats > Chat backup > Back Up.
  2. Add the same Google account to the new phone that was used to perform the backup on your old phone. Also, make sure you are using the same phone number on the new phone.
  3. Install WhatsApp on your new phone.
  4. After verifying the same phone number used to perform the backup on the old phone, you will be prompted to restore your messages and media from Google Drive.
  5. Once, the restoration process is complete, tap on “Next” and your chats will be displayed once initialization is complete.
  6. After restoring your chats, WhatsApp will begin restoring your media files.

Important Things to Keep in Mind about Google Drive

Download WhatsApp Database from Google Drive
Download WhatsApp Database from Google Drive
  • The backup process might take more time to complete, so make sure to leave your phone connected to a power supply for an uninterrupted power source.
  • At Google Drive, you can also change your chat backup frequency at any time by tapping Menu > Settings > Chats > Chat Backup.
  • If you are using the same Google Account for WhatsApp data backup, the same Google Drive is overwritten; and there is no other way is available to restore an older Google drive backup.
  • Media and messages you back up aren’t protected by WhatsApp end-to-end encryption while in Google Drive.

How to Recover Deleted WhatsApp Chat History from Android

Now WhatsApp allows users to back up their chat history to Google Drive or Local Storage. Unfortunately, if you’ve deleted the WhatsApp Chat history, then you can easily get it recovered. Wondering how? Follow the below steps:-

Restore WhatsApp from Google Drive Backup

WhatsApp will ask you to restore chats and media from a backup when you verify your number. If you have both Google Drive backup and local backup for your WhatsApp, it will ask you to restore Google drive backup by default.

  • Reinstall WhatsApp and verify phone number on Android device.
  • Tap “Restore” when the backup is found.
  • Check your WhatsApp chats after the restoration is done.

Retrieve WhatsApp from the Most Recent Local Backup

If you are sure that your deleted WhatsApp chats are in the most recent local backup, you have to disable Google Drive WhatsApp backup first. You can either log out Google account on your phone temporarily or delete your WhatsApp backup from Google Drive. Then perform the operation as described in the Google Drive backup part.

Troubleshooting Backup and Restoration Issues

For problems related to Google Drive backup creation

  • Make sure you’ve logged in to your phone using your Google Account.
  • Also, ensure that you’re having enough available space in your Google drive account to create a backup.
  • Verify you have Google Play services installed on your phone.
    • Note: Google Play services are only available on Android 2.3.4 and higher.
  • Are you attempting to back up your data on a cellular data network? Then make sure that you have enough data available for using both WhatsApp and Google Play Services. If you’re unsure about the data pack available, please contact your service provider before you are ready to get started with your restoration process.
  • In certain cases, if there is no data available, then try to create a backup over a different network. Example: Try connecting to Wi-Fi if you’re unable to back up over a cellular data network.

For problems related to Google Drive backup restoration

  • While you’re trying to restore a backup, make sure you’re trying to restore a backup using the same phone number and Google account that the backup was created on.
  • Check out the storage space available to make sure there’s enough space on your phone to restore the backup.
  • Make sure you have Google Play services installed on your phone.
    • Note: Google Play services are only available on Android 2.3.4 and higher.
  • Since the data restoration and backup takes more time, make sure your battery is fully charged or your phone is plugged into a power source.
  • Make sure your phone has a strong and stable Internet connection. If restoring using a cellular data network does not work, please try Wi-Fi.

Advantages of WhatsApp Backup and Recovery

Backup and Recovery features of WhatsApp has been engineered to eliminate some of the toughest challenges in backup and recovery and deliver the maximum value. Below are just a few of the cutting-edge features.

  1. Individual File Restoration: WhatsApp Data Recovery can Backup solution is automatic and easy to manage. So there is no need to worry about the lost file or corrupted file, even if you accidentally delete the file, you can restore it from Google drive.
  2. Disk Level Backup and Recovery: If your hardware fails, your data can be restored in just a matter of hours. In the event of a phone crashed or OS failure, for example, the exact data can be duplicated to a new hard drive and get you back up and running as soon as the transfer is complete. Your backed-up data can also be deployed as a virtual server in case of catastrophic failures, such as a fire, lightning strike, flood, theft, or vandalism of your mobile phone.
  3. Disaster-Proof Data: Your data can be made disaster-proof with the efficiency safe and secure feature of Google Drive. All the messages and media such as audio, video, image, PDFs, GIFs and all other file formats which you’re received will be automatically backed up frequently. You can also set the time limit on data backup.
  4. Efficiency: You don’t need to worry about compatibility with your older hardware. Advantage Backup and Recovery is non-disruptive and can be installed without impacting your normal business routine.
  5. Dynamism: Backup and recovery features of WhatsApp can be configured and modified quickly to meet the demands of your high paced environment. Whatever your situation is or wherever you’re, you can get easy access to your WhatsApp messages.
2019 Rugby Africa Women’s Sevens

2019 Rugby Africa Women’s Sevens

South Africa crowned champions and Kenya book their Spot at the Tokyo 2020 Olympics.

MONASTIR, Tunisia

The second day of the 2019 Rugby Africa (RugbyAfrique.com) Women’s Sevens sponsored by Société Générale has come to an end on Sunday and so did the tournament. Kenya lost the final game to South Africa 14-15, however, they still managed to qualify for the Tokyo 2020 Olympics. South Africa and Kenya are both entitled to participate now in a qualification tournament for the HSBC World Rugby Sevens Series. Tunisia and Madagascar are qualified for the Olympic repechage tournament June next year.

The day started at 09:30 with South Africa beating Morocco 42-00. Madagascar were up next with a victory against Senegal 24-05, while Uganda suffered a 00-33 defeat against the Tunisian hosts.  Kenya beat Zimbabwe 36-05 while Ghana had the final say in their clash against Mauritius, which ended 29-10.  Zambia wrapped up the first round of the games with a 24-05 victory over Botswana.

South Africa comes out on top against Madagascar 29-00 in the semi-final game while host Tunisia was shown the way out by Kenya after a 00-19 loss.  Madagascar went on to claim the third place after beating Tunisia 05-00.  The final clash between South Africa and Kenya resulted in a victory for the South Africans by a small gap. The final result was 15-14.

Final ranking of Rugby Africa Women’s Sevens 2019:

  1. South Africa
  2. Kenya
  3. Madagascar
  4. Tunisia
  5. Uganda
  6. Senegal
  7. Morocco
  8. Zimbabwe
  9. Ghana
  10. Zambia
  11. Botswana
  12. Mauritius

In the beginning, we struggled to find our rhythm, but today they stepped up

Alongside the tournament, many kids from different schools across Tunisia, gathered for the Get Into Rugby event which was organised in partnership with Société Générale at the training grounds near the main stadium. The U12 kids got to attend a couple of games from the tournament to get a better feel for the atmosphere. The event was wrapped with a group photo with Rugby Africa president, Khaled Babbou, along with many Rugby Africa and Tunisia officials.

Distributed by APO Group on behalf of Rugby Africa.

New record for Ronaldo: 700th Goal

New record for Ronaldo: 700th Goal

Portugal and Juventus forward Cristiano Ronaldo insisted he is not obsessed with breaking records as they come naturally for him after scoring his landmark 700th career goal.
Ronaldo bagged a consolation penalty in the second half of Portugal’s 2-1 Euro 2020 qualifying defeat to Ukraine in Kiev on Monday.

The 34-year-old superstar made no mistake from 12 yards after Taras Stepanenko was penalised for handling the ball inside the box, but it was not enough for Portugal as they lost for the first time since the 2018 World Cup.
Defeat for Portugal at the Olympic Stadium made the occasion bittersweet for Ronaldo, who is now part of an elite list of players to have reached the milestone figure.

“Not just anyone can reach this figure,” he told reporters. “Thank you to my team-mates, colleagues and coaches who have helped me to become the player I am.
“I am disappointed that we didn’t win, but proud of the team.”

Reflecting on his personal achievement, Ronaldo added: “How many records do I have? I don’t know. I have to enjoy the moment and thank those who helped me reach this impressive mark.
“The last time I played at this ground I won the Champions League, a beautiful moment that is in the past. Today we played well but couldn’t win.
“Records come naturally – I don’t go looking for them; records are looking for me! Without having an obsession, they happen naturally.”

Portugal entered Monday’s clash with Group B leaders Ukraine on the back of a 13-match unbeaten run in all competitions, including victories in their last five matches.
The European and Nations League champions were two goals down inside half an hour, however, with Roman Yaremchuk and Andriy Yarmolenko ensuring Ukraine’s place in the Euro 2020 finals.

Fernando Santos’ men may now need victories over Lithuania and Luxembourg in their final two matches to hold off third-placed Serbia, but Portugal’s head coach claimed his side were hard done by.

“We started well with a couple of chances, then they went and scored,” Santos told RTP. “We tried to react, but whenever Ukraine went forward we had difficulties.
“At half-time I tried to rectify things and we improved, but we went into the break with an unfair scoreline – it should have been 2-1 and not 2-0.
“We played a lot with our hearts and less with our heads. I asked them to play more with their heads [in the second half] and be stronger defensively, while keeping our concentration.
“Now we have to win our next two games, which are like finals.”

Impact: The Russia and Saudi Arabia oil deal

Impact: The Russia and Saudi Arabia oil deal

In Riyadh

Energy superpowers Saudi Arabia and Russia on Monday signed a key deal to bolster cooperation among the world’s oil giants, as visiting President Vladimir Putin sought to defuse political tensions in the Gulf.

Putin’s visit follows attacks on Saudi oil installations that Riyadh and Washington have blamed on Moscow ally Tehran.

At a ceremony in Riyadh, Putin and his host, Saudi King Salman, penned a string of multi-million-dollar investment contracts targeting the aerospace, culture, health, advanced technology and agriculture sectors.

Key among the deals was the agreement to bolster cooperation among the so-called OPEC+ countries — the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries plus 10 non-members of the cartel.

Moscow is not a member of OPEC, but it has worked closely with the group to limit supply and push up prices after a 2014 slump that wreaked havoc on the economies of Russia and cartel heavyweight Saudi Arabia.

Monday’s deal seeks to “reinforce cooperation … and strengthen oil market stability”, Saudi Energy Minister Prince Abdulaziz bin Salman said at the signing ceremony.

Putin said “Russia attaches particular importance to the development of friendly, and mutually beneficial ties with Saudi Arabia”.

King Salman told Puting “we look forward to working with Your Excellency on everything that will bring security, stability and peace, confront extremism and terrorism and promote economic growth”.

– Role of ‘peacemaker’ –

Moscow and Riyadh, a traditional US ally, have made a striking rapprochement in recent years, marked in particular by King Salman’s first visit to Russia in October 2017.

A year later, when the Saudi crown prince, known as MBS, was under fire over the assassination of dissident journalist Jamal Khashoggi in Istanbul, Putin went out of his way to shake his hand at a G20 summit, to much comment.

In an interview with Arabic-language television channels ahead of his visit, Putin praised his good relations with the Saudi royals.

“We will absolutely work with Saudi Arabia and our other partners and friends in the Arab world… to reduce to zero any attempt to destabilise the oil market,” he said in the interview broadcast Sunday.

Russian political analyst Fyodor Lukyanov said that Moscow, with its older ties to Iran and new links with Saudi, could “play the role of peacemaker” as tensions soar between Tehran and Riyadh.

These tensions spiked last month after the attacks on Saudi oil facilities that halved the kingdom’s crude output and set oil markets alight.

Yemen’s Iran-backed Huthi rebels claimed responsibility. But US officials blamed Tehran, charging that the rebels did not have the range or sophistication to target the facilities.

Tehran has denied involvement and warned of “total war” in the event of any attack on its territory.

Russia has sought to keep a foot in both camps, offering missiles to Riyadh to defend itself, while at the same time warning against “hasty conclusions” regarding Iran’s alleged involvement.

Last week an Iranian tanker was hit by suspected missile strikes off the coast of Saudi Arabia, sparking fresh fears of war.

– Syria war –

Kremlin adviser Yuri Ushakov said Syria’s eight-year-old war would also feature in the leaders’ talks on Monday.

Russia and Iran back President Bashar al-Assad, while the Saudis support the opposition seeking his ouster.

But “it is important for Russia that an Arab country participates in the political settlement in Syria,” said Lukyanov.

For now “only three non-Arab countries” — Turkey, Russia and Iran — are hosting talks, the analyst added.

In terms of business, the visit is expected to result in around 30 agreements and contracts, according to Ushakov.

A dozen of these, in the advanced technology, energy and infrastructure sectors, will be signed by the Russian sovereign wealth fund and are worth around $2 billion.

In October 2017, Russia and Saudi Arabia also signed a memorandum of understanding paving the way for Riyadh’s purchase of Moscow’s powerful S-400 anti-aircraft missile systems.

The sale never materialised, however, as Saudi Arabia eventually opted to purchase a US system.

After Saudi Arabia, Putin will travel to the United Arab Emirates on Tuesday to meet the powerful crown prince of Abu Dhabi, Mohammed bin Zayed Al-Nahyan.

The Latest on Turkey’s invasion of northern Syria

The Latest on Turkey’s invasion of northern Syria

BEIRUT  

Turkey is telling the U.N. Security Council that its military offensive into northeast Syria was launched in exercise of its right to self-defense under the U.N. Charter.
In a letter to the council circulated Monday, Turkey said it is countering an “imminent terrorist threat” and ensuring the security of its borders from Syrian Kurds, which it calls “terrorists,” as well as the Islamic State extremist group.

Turkish-backed Syrian opposition fighters celebrate in Akcakale, in Sanliurfa province advance, after entering over the border from Tal Abyad, Syria, Sunday, Oct. 13, 2019. (AP Photo/Cavit Ozgul)


Since 2014, the Kurds have fought alongside the U.S. in defeating the Islamic State in Syria.
The fast-deteriorating situation was set in motion last week, when U.S. President Donald Trump ordered American troops in northern Syria to step aside, clearing the way for an attack by Turkey, now in its sixth day. Trump’s move was decried at home and abroad as a betrayal of an ally.
Turkey’s U.N. Ambassador Feridun Sinirlioglu said in the letter to the Security Council dated Oct. 9 that its counter-terrorism operation will be “proportionate, measured and responsible.”
___

Iran’s president is urging Turkey to halt its military offensive against Kurdish forces in northern Syria.
Speaking at a press conference Monday, Hassan Rouhani: “We do not accept the method that they have chosen.” Turkey says it’s fighting to clear border areas of Syrian Kurdish fighters, which it considers to be terrorists because of their links to Kurdish militants in Turkey.
While Iranian authorities have previously expressed opposition to the Turkish offensive, now in its sixth day, this was Rouhani’s first direct comment.


Iran and Russia have allied with the Syrian government in the country’s eight-year war. Syrian troops abandoned the northeast to Syrian Kurdish-led forces in 2012.
The Kurds had allied with the U.S. to fight the Islamic State group. But after American troops moved aside in northern Syria, clearing the way for the attack by Turkey, the Kurds struck a deal with the Syrian government for assistance.
Kipchoge, 10 others nominated for male athlete of year

Kipchoge, 10 others nominated for male athlete of year

(Reuters) 
Kenyan Eluid Kipchoge, who on Saturday became the first man to run a marathon in less than two hours, is one of 11 nominees for the IAAF male athlete of the year, athletics’ governing body said on Monday.

Kipchoge, who finished a special marathon in Vienna in one hour, 59 minutes and 40 seconds that will not be recognised for world record purposes, also was nominated for his London Marathon course record.
Ten winners from the recent world athletics championships in Doha also are under consideration for the global honour: Americans Donovan Brazier (800m), Christian Coleman (100m), Sam Kendricks (pole vault), Noah Lyles (200m), Christian Taylor (triple jump).

Also, Uganda’s Joshua Cheptegei (10,000m, world cross country title), Kenya’s Timothy Cheruyiot (1,500m), Bahamas’ Steven Gardiner (400m), Sweden’s Daniel Stahl (discus) and Norway’s Karsten Warholm (400m hurdles).
 
Female nominees will be announced on Tuesday.
Fans may vote online on the IAAF’s social media platforms.
Athletes of the year will be announced live on stage at the World Athletics Awards 2019 in November.
Kenya’s Eliud Kipchoge becomes the first person to run a marathon in less than 2 hours

Kenya’s Eliud Kipchoge becomes the first person to run a marathon in less than 2 hours

(CNN)
Kenya’s Eliud Kipchoge has successfully completed the first ever marathon under two hours in the Austrian capital of Vienna, two years since he fell 25 seconds short.
The 34-year-old ran the 26.2 miles in 1 hour, 59 minutes and 40 seconds at Vienna’s Prater-Hauptallee (main avenue) — an achievement considered one of the ultimate milestones in athletic performance.
“I am the happiest man,” Kipchoge said after the unofficial two-hour marathon, adding that he hopes to have inspired many that “no human is limited.”
Kipchoge was on target to break the record during the first half of Vienna’s Prater Park on Saturday, after completing 21 kilometers in 59.35 minutes.
Kipchoge’s first crack of going sub-two hour in Monza, Italy, was part of Nike’s Breaking2 project. This time he was being backed by petrochemical company Ineos in an attempt called the 1:59 Challenge.
Despite the achievement, the milestone won’t count as a world record. In fact, Ineos hasn’t even submitted a request to the IAAF for the attempt to be officially ratified.
During the race, Kipchoge followed behind a car — a condition not allowed under IAAF sanctions — and was assisted by an army of 30 pacemakers.
Kenya’s President Uhuru Kenyatta congratulated Kipchoge in a tweet after the marathon: “You’ve done it, you’ve made history and made Kenya proud while at it.
“Your win today, will inspire tens of future generations to dream big and to aspire for greatness,” Kenyatta added.
Speaking before the marathon, Kipchoge said he was aware that there were critics of the manufactured conditions surrounding the attempt.
“The law of nature cannot allow all human beings to think together,” the reigning Olympic marathon champion said. “In breaking the two-hour barrier, I want to open minds to think that no human is limited. All our minds, all our thoughts are parallel. But I respect everybody’s thoughts.”
He added that the 1:59 Challenge is different to competing in a race like the Berlin Marathon, where he set the current world record in 2018.
“Berlin is running and breaking a world record,” said Kipchoge. “Vienna is running and making history — like the first man to go to the moon.”
Nobel Peace Prize for Ethiopia PM Abiy Ahmed called ‘well-deserved honor’

Nobel Peace Prize for Ethiopia PM Abiy Ahmed called ‘well-deserved honor’

Nile Explorer Editor
“It is a prize given to Africa, given to Ethiopia and I can imagine that the rest of Africa’s leaders will take it positively to work on (the) peace-building process on our continent.” This was the reaction of Abiy Ahmed, Ethiopia’s prime minister, when he was told by the secretary of the Norwegian Nobel Committee that he was the winner of the 2019 Nobel Peace Prize.
The announcement on Oct. 11 by the committee was far from a surprise. Abiy, 43, had been bookmakers’ second favorite to win, behind the teenage Swedish climate change campaigner Greta Thunberg.
Still, the decision amounted to profound recognition of the efforts and success of an indefatigable peacemaker in a continent wracked by conflict and violence.
Nile explorer juba south sudan

The Nobel Peace Prize will be presented in Oslo on Dec. 10 on the anniversary of Alfred Nobel’s death.

The Ethiopian leader’s biggest achievement to date is ending two decades of hostility and restoring ties with long-term enemy Eritrea that had been frozen since a 1998-2000 border war. “I have said often that winds of hope are blowing ever stronger across Africa. Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed is one of the main reasons why,” said UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres.

The Nobel Peace Prize will be presented in Oslo on Dec. 10 on the anniversary of Alfred Nobel’s death. (AFP)
During the border war, Abiy, who was born in Ethiopia to a Muslim father and Christian mother, led a spy team on a reconnaissance mission into areas held by the Eritrean Defence Forces. But when he became prime minister, he was quick to launch a peace offensive.
The Norwegian Nobel Committee said Abiy was honored for his “decisive initiative to resolve the border conflict with neighboring Eritrea.”
However, it added that the prize is “meant to recognize all the stakeholders working for peace and reconciliation in Ethiopia and in the east and northeast African regions.
“Peace does not arise from the actions of one party alone. When Prime Minister Abiy reached out his hand, President (Isaias) Afwerki grasped it, and helped to formalise the peace process between the two countries.
“The Norwegian Nobel Committee hopes the peace agreement will help to bring about positive change for the entire populations of Ethiopia and Eritrea.”
IN NUMBERS
9 million – Value of the Nobel Peace Prize in Swedish crowns
301 – Candidates who were nominated for the award
The principles of the agreement are set out in the declarations that Abiy and Afwerki signed in Asmara, the Eritrean capital, and in Saudi Arabia’s Jeddah in July and September of last year.
Dan Smith, head of the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, said by choosing Abiy, the committee is seeking to encourage the peace process, echoing the 1994 peace prize shared by Israeli and Palestinian leaders and the 1993 award for moves toward reconciliation in South Africa.
“It is a case of wanting a constructive intervention in the peace process … to give leverage and encouragement,” he said.
“The challenge now is internal for Abiy, with Ethiopia needing to deal with the consequences of long-term violence, including 3 million displaced people and the need to continue the political process.”
Abiy took office in April 2018 after the resignation of Hailemariam Desalegn following three years of violent anti-government protests in Africa’s second-most populous country.
The ruling coalition had already begun making conciliatory measures, but it was Abiy who sped up the reforms.

After securing peace with Eritrea, he swiftly released dissidents from jail, apologized for state brutality and welcomed home exiled armed groups. Those actions sparked optimism in a region blighted by violence.
Since then, Abiy has played a significant role in bringing peace to the Horn of Africa region, from Sudan to Somalia and Djibouti, all of which at some time have had border disputes. Small wonder, then, fellow African leaders were among the first to congratulate him.
The “warmest felicitations” were sent by Liberian President George Weah, who said in a tweet: “I hereby join the rest of Africa and the world at large in celebrating with the great people of Ethiopia and Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed for winning the 2019 Nobel Peace Prize Award.”
Somalian President Mohamed Farmaajo called Abiy a “deserving winner” via Twitter, adding “I have enjoyed working with him on strengthening regional cooperation.”
Meanwhile, Ghanaian President Nana Akufo-Addo said the award was “a reminder to us all that peace is one of the most critical ingredients needed to make Africa successful.”
Speaking to CNN, Biniam Getaneh, an Ethiopian poet and writer, described the award as a “big win” not only for Abiy and Ethiopia but for Africa, too. “Despite the shortcomings of the reform he introduced and the man himself, I believe he is deserving of this international recognition simply for his peace efforts with Eritrea,” he said.
Congratulations came in from Arab leaders, too. “My sincere congratulations to my dear friend Dr. Abiy Ahmed on winning the #NobelPeacePrize,” Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed Al-Nahyan, crown prince of Abu Dhabi, said in a tweet.
“He is a wise man who has brought peace and hope to his country and region. The prize is a well-deserved honour for an extraordinary leader.”
Abiy visited the Gulf in July last year, when he and Afwerki were honored with the UAE’s highest civil honor for their reconciliation efforts. Sheikh Mohammed had conferred the Order of Zayed on the two leaders on that occasion.

Ethiopian town of Zala Ambesa where there were clashes with Eritrean forces during a border war between the two countries in the late 1990s.

In addition to resolving the border dispute with Eritrea, Abiy’s government has promised to liberalize the bureaucratic, state-controlled Ethiopian economy, overturned bans on many political parties and dismissed or arrested many senior officials accused of corruption, torture or murder.

Despite the abundant international recognition for his work, however, Abiy faces big challenges, with many wondering if he can control the political forces he has unleashed in a country of 100 million people.
The biggest threats appear to come from elements within the ruling coalition who feel disempowered and from new, ethnically based parties eager to flex their muscles in next year’s elections.
Abiy survived an assassination attempt amid riots in June 2016 and faced down a mutiny from his own military by challenging — and then defeating — them in a push-up competition.
The loosening of political freedoms means that many regional power brokers are demanding more influence and resources, fueling ethnic conflicts around the country.
In June, a rogue state militia leader killed the head of the Amhara region and other senior officials in what the government described as a regional coup attempt.
Abiy also faces high expectations from young Ethiopians who want jobs, development and opportunities, and feel the government still has much to do to improve daily life in the country.
The same sentiments were echoed by Berit Reiss-Andersen, the chair of the Norwegian Nobel Committee, who said: “There is a lot achieved already in reforming Ethiopia to a democracy, but there is also a long way to go. Rome was not made in a day and neither will peace or democratic development be achieved in a short period of time.”