Security Council Sanctions Committee Concerning South Sudan Meets with Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict

Security Council Sanctions Committee Concerning South Sudan Meets with Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict

Published on 11 Sep 2019 View Original

During its informal consultations on 21 August 2019, the Security Council Committee established pursuant to resolution 2206 (2015) concerning South Sudan was briefed by Ms. Pramila Patten, Special Representative of the Secretary-General on Sexual Violence in Conflict. Ms. Patten noted that despite the adoption of clear provisions in the revitalized peace agreement calling for an end to all forms of sexual and gender-based violence, such violence continued unabated in South Sudan and is widely used to humiliate both victims and their entire communities, with political and ethnic undertones, in a climate of near-total impunity. She recalled that 2018 had seen the highest number of recorded sexual violence incidents in recent years.

The Special Representative stated that her Office has continuously engaged with parties to the conflict, to call for the immediate cessation of the use of sexual violence. In this respect, she mentioned that the South Sudan People’s Defense Forces (SSPDF) launched their Action Plan in March 2019 pursuant to the Joint Communiqué with her Office in 2014. This resulted in the formation of an SSPDF Implementation Oversight Committee and a nationwide roll-out of the Action Plan commencing with the training of SSPDF officers in over 20 locations on the prevention and response to sexual violence in conflict. She further informed the Committee that the Action Plan with the South Sudan National Police Service (SSNPS) was finalized earlier this month and is pending endorsement. Moreover, she stated that UNMISS Senior Women Protection Adviser has engaged with the Sudan People’s Liberation Army-in-Opposition (RM) (SPLA-IO-(RM)) leadership to encourage accountability measures for those implicated in crimes, particularly in relation to the Western Equatoria operations conducted between April and August 2018, during which 43 cases of rape and gang rape were committed, and 505 women and 63 girls were abducted by members of the SPLA-IO RM. As a result of these engagements, the Chairperson of the SPLA-IO (RM), Dr. Riek Machar, issued a Command Order on 3 February 2019 to prohibit acts of sexual violence in conflict and issued another specific Command Order in July 2019 on the immediate release of the abducted women and girls. A joint verification committee has since been established to facilitate the release, which is due to commence this month. The Special Representative further informed the Committee about her Office’s engagement with the National Salvation Army (NAS), another non-State armed group implicated in the latest UNMISS report on Central Equatoria.

In their reactions, Committee members that took the floor thanked the Special Representative for her engagement, encouraged her to continue with her work and looked forward to receiving further information from her Office. Several members also expressed concern that, despite the decrease in political violence, sexual gender-based violence had risen and emphasized the importance of accountability for those responsible for sexual violence in conflict.

SC/13947 Source: Press Release of the Sanctions Committee

5 Indian women police officers honoured by UN for contribution in South Sudan

5 Indian women police officers honoured by UN for contribution in South Sudan

The women officers are engaged in community policing, administrative, operational duties and capacity building of local authorities.

Five Indian women police officers were honoured by the United Nations for their commendable services in the world body’s mission in South Sudan, officials said on Friday.

The women officers who were conferred the UN medal were Reena Yadav, Inspector, Chandigarh Police, Gopika Jahagirdar, DSP, Maharashtra Police, Bharati Samantray, DSP in the MHA, Ragini Kumari, Inspector in the MHA and Kamal Shekhawat, ASP, Rajasthan Police.

The Indian women police officers received the UN medal at a medal parade in the United Nations Mission in Juba in South Sudan on Tuesday, a Home Ministry official said.

The women officers were honoured by the UN for upholding the UN mandate of protection of civilians in conflict-ridden South Sudan.

The women officers are engaged in community policing, administrative, operational duties and capacity building of local authorities.

Working in coherence with UN core values of professionalism, integrity and respect for diversity, the Indian women have become a force to reckon with in the UN Mission in South Sudan, another official said.

South Sudan joins East Africa electronic cargo system

South Sudan joins East Africa electronic cargo system

By Tobiloba Ishola

The South Sudan National Revenue Authority (NRA) and TradeMark East Africa (TMEA) have entered a trade facilitation agreement (read here), which will link the Central African nation to the Regional Electronic Cargo Tracking System (RECTS).

The electronic system is currently implemented on the Northern Corridor in Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, and the DRC through the respective revenue and customs administrations. Also, the tracking system will help Juba promote trade and diversify from oil revenues by establishing modern systems for faster clearance of goods at borders.

Basically, RECTS will enable real-time tracking of transit cargos to or from DRC. This will be done through an online platform monitored in control centres in the four countries where the system operates: Uganda, Rwanda, Kenya, Congo and now South Sudan. With these control centres, the risk of consignment diversion in checkpoints will be reduced, ultimately minimizing checkpoint fraud and cargo theft.

NRA Commissioner General Olympio Attipoe noted that the move is important as Juba aims to reduce the cost of security bonds, theft, and diversions, as well as enhance security on the transit route from the port of Mombasa.

This development comes as South Sudan struggles to form a national unity government. The country gained independence from Sudan in 2011 but descended into a civil war two years later. After a string of failed agreements, a peace deal was signed last September between the opposition and the ruling parties.

However, the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) in a statement in May announced that both parties agreed to give themselves six more months to form a unity government as part of a peace deal they signed.

TMEA says it hopes the unity government expected to be inaugurated in November will materialize. The agency’s CEO Frank Matsaert at the signing of the deal with the NRA said, “We are committed to doing our part, but it has to be stressed that we need a government of national unity to stick to the peace deal and start doing good work for the citizens in November.”

Basketball camp urges South Sudan’s youth to focus on sport

Basketball camp urges South Sudan’s youth to focus on sport

Source: THE ASSOCIATED PRESS

On his first trip to war-torn South Sudan, Masai Ujiri, president of the Toronto Raptors basketball team, said he came to encourage the country’s youth.

Ujiri told The Associated Press it’s time to “erase the narrative” that sports cannot be promoted in South Sudan, as it slowly emerges from five years of civil war that killed almost 400,000 people and displaced millions.

He is the founder of Giants of Africa, a non-profit organization to empower Africa’s youth through basketball. The program’s three-day training camp in South Sudan is led by professional coaches and scouts aimed at teaching basketball skills and leadership.

The training camp is eagerly attended by 50 mostly South Sudanese boys, aged from 14 to 18, who are encouraged to focus on sport amid the nation’s shaky peace.

South Sudan looks to boost livestock, fish export through technology

South Sudan looks to boost livestock, fish export through technology

South Sudan is planning to invest in technology to boost its fisheries and livestock sectors, an official said.

Speaking to reporters in the capital, Juba, the minister for Livestock and Fishery industry, James Duku said they got funds from the Canadian government to aid fishing communities in Nimule and Terekeka areas.

“In 2016, Canadian government funded for exploitation of fish extending from Nimule to Terekeka and that program is people based,” he said.

South Sudan reportedly has an estimated 500,000 tonnes per annum of fish stocks, but still lack the modern facilities needed for preservation.

South Sudan, according to the Livestock and Fishery minister, is implementing 28 livestock development projects to boost quality of the country’s untapped livestock resources and begin export by 2040.

“There are an estimated 12 million heads of cattle but have largely remained in the hands of local people and are not commercialized,” he said.

Duku said the government is working with countries in the region to help them set up state-of-the-art livestock research centers to improve export production, which will reduce over reliance on imported beef.

“Right now I am negotiating with a neighboring country for export of our livestock in beef and we cannot export if we don’t have modern abattoirs certified by international standard,” stressed the minister.

“To produce livestock we need to have identified the genetic distribution of our cattle and this cannot come if we don’t have a research center,” he added.

According to a 2018 Food and Agriculture (FAO) report, quoting the Livestock and Fisheries ministry, South Sudan’s livestock population is estimated at 12 million cattle, 20 million sheep and 25 million goats, thus making it a world leader in terms of animal wealth per capita.

New CNPC Discovery Confirms South Sudan’s Immense Oil Potential

New CNPC Discovery Confirms South Sudan’s Immense Oil Potential

In what has become a remarkable month for exploration in Africa, a CNPC-led consortium has made a 300 million barrels of recoverable oil discovery in South Sudan’s northeastern Upper Nile state. It is almost as much as the Oyo Discovery announced earlier this month in Congo.

The exploration well was drilled at a total depth of 1,320m near the Adar oilfield in Block 3, operated by the Dar Petroleum Operating Company (DOPC), which includes CNPC, Petronas, Nilepet, Sinopec and Tri-Ocean Energy.

“This is a remarkable achievement for the country,” declared Nj Ayuk, Executive Chairman at the Chamber and CEO of the Centurion Law Group. “

Since independence, South Sudan has worked tirelessly to bring back damaged fields to production, and especially encourage exploration. Their efforts to maintain peace and stability and a safe environment for investors has paid off. We have always believed that stability goes hand in hand with economic prosperity. Such a large discovery confirms the huge potential of South Sudan in oil & gas just before the country launches a new licensing round in October.”

South Sudan has signed earlier this year an exploration and production sharing agreement (EPSA) with South Africa’s Strategic Fuel Fund for the highly prospective Block B2. The move was part of South Sudan’s strategy to diversify its basket of investors and encourage further exploration.

While the country sits on over 3.5bn of proven oil reserves, the third largest in sub-Saharan Africa, 70% of its territory remains under-explored. To boost exploration, South Sudan will be launching a new and much-awaited petroleum licensing round at the upcoming Africa Oil & Power conference in Cape Town on October 9th, 2019.