Signed on 12 September 2018, by President Salva Kiir Mayardit and First Vice President Riek Machar Teny, was/is the Revitalised Agreement on Resolution of Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan (R-ARCSS). R-ARCSS has been pushing itself peacefully, then and now, from 12 September 2018, all the way to anchor at the port of Atar, the domain of General Olony, on 12 July 2020. Nearly after one year in skeptical peace, we are alerted to stop over and watch the tug of war between the SPLM and SPLM IO over SPLM IO’s nominee, Olony, for President Salva Kiir to indorse and appoint him as governor of Upper Nile state or otherwise.
Well, the culture of disagreements over allocations, sharing portfolios from the Presidency down the line of institutions, establishments of new ministries and appointments of ministers and governors, has real robbed valuable time from the implementation flow, though Olony crisis is far from over.
If Olony crisis ends peacefully, being the wish of majority of South Sudanese, the tug of war between the two political leaders, Salva and Riek, I assume, shall resume over formation and appointment of members to both houses of the National Legislature: Council of States and National Legislative Assembly. This may take another six months, that would amount to two years.
Nevertheless, let’s say, our obligations and committed to R-ARCSS implementation “in letter and spirit,” is an oath to “survive as a nation or disappear into Limbo” like Somalia, Lybia or Biafra.
In case we shall be obliged to hold onto the transition in order to transform the legitimate sovereign institons: the national security, unified National Army, the economy, social desipline, democratic institutions along with liberties and freedoms and binding Federal constitution, acceptable to all nationalities that stakehold the country. More time is needed to deliver this country to the coming future generations.
Having stated the commitment to R-ARCSS, strong decisions must be taken by the R-TGoNU to attend to the service of the homeless South Sudanese: 6 million displaced internally and externally in the neighbouring countries and the half of the population is in the bondages of hunger, diseases (and COVID-19 killer) and in chains of poverty. More public attention must be given to citizens in order for them to restore hope the deserve for future, though they have already lost hope for better future.
In my opinion, the leaders are not committed to peace and security for their country and in relations to Africa and the world peace and security. The leaders are also resistance to true reconciliation and forgiveness in order to restore the trust and confidence they need to do collective public duty for the people and their country. Let’s take serious awareness of these leaders and their genuine commitment to this nation. They are likely to go back to war again or definitively fail the country.
By: Aldo Ajou Deng Akuey (PhD)