By Dr. Aldo Ajou Deng Akuey
Peace in the life of a country is like a healthy-blood in the human body-veins-and-arteries or a living thing. Countries in war lack peace and the necessary amenities for livelihood. Everything is subjected to destruction. This destruction stampeded human security and developments. Historical statistics and archeologists findings reveal to us that humankind can be peaceful and can be, at the worst, very destructive. But the world, after the second world war, 1939-1945, managed to restore peace and security in favor of human welfare and political-economic development.
The world peace and security did not emerge by natural accident. It was negotiated, agreed and signed by the belligerence themselves and abide by the international law. It is the same precedence we are following today. The quote “politics is an art of the position,” was born out of these changes, from being enemies to friends, thus sharing a government. Salva, Riek and their supporters are not the first or the last in these human scenarios of war and peace. Though it has not been possible to stamp out the war for permanent peace and security.
As South Sudan goes for peace and security, its world partners in violence: Syria, Yemen, Central Africa Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, Nigeria, Mali, Afghanistan, Somalia, Libya etc., are restricted in war and destruction. But, eventually, peace and security would come back to those countries by way of negotiated peaceful settlements. The Khartoum/IGAD revitalization agreement, therefore, falls within the conventional customary tract of resolving political conflicts worldwide.
The South Sudanese leaders, like other world leaders before them, President Al Bashir and First Vice John Garang of Sudan included, must commit to the agreement and abide by the international law they have just made. This beginning could cultivate and restore trust, confidence, and harmony they need to implement the revitalization of ARCSS.
The five-year war destruction, inhuman and property is huge and needs honest and a good start in order to set smooth implementation of the agreement. The immediate phases, in my opinion, begin with Security arrangements, repatriation of the internally displaced persons and refugees, reorganization of the national army, reform, and review of law enforcement agencies and independence of the Judiciary and firm establishment of the democratic institutions, related legislation, harmonization of laws of South Sudan and the promulgation of the permanent constitutions. This rehabilitation and rebuilding of the country be given high and serious attention by the parties in the unity government.
And the politicians must be warned not to repeat 2016 violence. Instead, they should continue dialogue and reconciliation as the medium of social and political harmonious relationship.