These days, there are Regional and international moves to bring positive and lasting peace to the Republic of South Sudan. To achieve just, inclusive and permanent peace, the mediators: Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), the Troika (the US, UK, and Norway), with the African Union (AU), the United Nations (UN) and South Sudan’s National Dialogue and Reconciliation Committee, complimentary support, should exert collective efforts to reconcile the parties’ leaders now in war among themselves
The SPLM, SPLM IO, and South Sudan Opposition Alliance (SSOA) leaders need to come together on serious national issues, such as security arrangements and the power-sharing mechanism, in relation to the executive’s harmony, cooperation and “collective responsibility.” Collective government’s responsibility glues the members of different parties to commit and respect the constitution, the anticipated agreement and the law.
Once the ongoing High-Level Revitalization Forum (HLRF), under IGAD, succeeds and secures the ARCSS revitalization agreement, the eruption of violence of 8 July 2016 in the cabinet’s meetings, involving the President (head of government) and Vice President must be save-guided and avoided.
The divisions among the warring parties are far from being ethnic, social, economic or modern ideological values to the left (socialism) or right (capitalism), a political philosophy responsible of the dichotomy between Western Europe and Eastern Europe. What divides the warring politicians in South Sudan, for now, could be identified as (a) political individualism, ignorance and greed, (b) favoritism, (c) naivete, (d) dictatorship, (e) political anarchy (f) exploitation and extraction of resources, and (g) corruption.
The above principles could be traced back to medieval, communism and military dictatorships, before and during the cold war from 1945-1991. That system of government had ended. It had ended because it was/ is incompatible with the liberties, freedoms, human rights, democracy, the rule of law, inclusive political and economic institutions and good governance.
Adopting these modern principles can mean reconciliation, normality, peace and security in South Sudan. Let’s go for peace and security. Peace and security are good for us all and the country. Our eyes and hopes are focused on Addis Ababa’s ongoing peace process