The Humanitarian Plights in Relations to the R-ARCSS Implementation Process

By Dr. Aldo Ajou Deng-Akuey

All that we, the people of the Republic of South Sudan hope, is “God saves the Revitalized Agreement on Resolution of Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan (R-ARCSS) of 12.9.2018.” Well on, with uncertain political will, weak national commitment and lack of trust and confidence within and among the politicians in the Presidency and R-TGoNU, just building concerns of cloudy frustrations. These frustrations upgrade yet, thriving skeptic mediators like Troika (the US, UK and Norway) and others who refrained from signing as witnesses on 12 September 2018 ARCSS, declaring their “wait and see.” These international hesitations, have, in fact, generated diminishing inthusiasm amd hopefulness amongst South Sudanese and African friends towards a successful implementation of R-ARCSS.

Nevertheless, South Sudanese resilience, perseverence and determination, makes it “forward ever and back never” to peace option to end the SPLM’s leaders “senseless war” of 15 December 2013 to 12 September 2018, although the long war insecurity, trauma, hunger, poverty and disseases are taking away thosands of lives nearly every day.

South Sudanese, representing their Greater Regions of Equatoria, Bahr Al Ghazal and Upper Nile, in the National Dialogue National Conference, on 3-15 November 2020, adhering to R-ARCSS and repremanding the R-TGoNU to implement it in good faith.
“To implement it in good faith” and inclusive of the 99% South Sudanese, young, middle age and old, who are for “give R-ARCSS a chance.” A chance they need to insure the Country’s National Unity, build up the social, political and economic infrastructure in order to improve our National security in all fields.
While we await the R-TGoNU to make the R-ARCSS a workable programme, the peace linkages between the Executive, the incoming Revitalized National Transitional Legislature (R-NTL), Revitalized Judicial Authority (R-JA) and the public/civil society, must be established and connected to the ongoing peace process.
The humanitarian plight and basic rights in this country, have been soaked into a very unpecedented chaotic mess, which must be given special attention by the R-TGoNU, along with the R-ARCSS’s implementation process. The first among these are the ongoing insecurity in Greater Regions of Equatoria, Bahr Al Ghazal and Upper Nile, envolving cattle restling, tribal fights, hunger and poverty.

And for internally displaced persions (IDPs) and the refugees in neighbouring countries and furhter diaspora, to come back home as soon as the persisting insecurity has changed and safe for free movements, freedom of expression and assembly, thus insuring Pan African democracy (visit Tanzanian model) and the rule of law. This performance, if done, shall make it possible for IDPs and refugees to return home and effectively participate in overall development of the country.

In my opinion, the R-TGoNU is now the Government for peaceful change. It has replaced the contentious TGoNU of President Salva Kiir in accordance with the R-ARCSS. This Government, along with political leaders involved, should be seen to embrace democracy and the rule of law. People need peace, freedoms, democracy and the rule of now in order to make democratic elections attractive for change.

Dr. Aldo Ajou Deng Akuey
Juba, South Sudan

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