The Imperative of Constructive Engagement with Troika, especially the U.S.

This is very important in the Revitalized Agreement on Resolution of Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan (R-ARCSS). It is the first time for Troika (the US, UK and Norway) and the Kingdom of Netherlands to improve on their skepticism since the signing of the R-ARCSS on 12 September 2018. I personally welcome Troika back to the friendship that brought independence on 9 July 2011. 

Statement By Lual Deng

I came across the statement by the U.S. produced below concerning specific actions wrt the implementation of R-ARCSS. Reading it, I am convinced beyond doubt that the U.S. and troika (US, UK, & Norway) are solid in their support to the people of South Sudan and what is missing, in my view, is constructive engagement with them by RTGoNU. 
Here is the statement:

“The United States remains deeply concerned with delays in the implementation of the Revitalised Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan (R-ARCSS) and related reforms. The United States urges South Sudan’s leaders to demonstrate their commitment to lasting peace by addressing, as a matter of urgency, the following key steps to implement the R-ARCSS and advance reforms:

  1. Adoptingaconstitutionalprocessthatincludesrobustpublic consultation procedures and results in a constitution that truly reflects the will of South Sudanese and pursuing internationally supported elections in June 2023, including by:
    1. Finalizing the establishment of and swearing in of both the Transitional National Legislative Assembly (TNLA) and Council of States by July 10, 2021;
    2. Drafting legislation to guide the permanent constitutional process and presenting it to the TNLA no later than August 10, 2021;
    3. Constituting the Reconstituted National Constitutional Review Commission no later than September 10, 2021; and
    4. Creating a robust national public consultation process, similar to the National Dialogue, to discuss and inform constitution drafting.
  2. Establishing the unified security command structure by the end of July 2021 and creating the necessary unified forces in stages beginning no later than the end of July 2021, including by:
    1. Identifying the national unified security command structure leaders no later than July 30, 2021; and
    2. Graduating the first class of the National Unified Forces no later than July 30, 2021.
  3. Completing exchange rate reform resulting in a market determined exchange rate no later than September 15, 2021, as agreed to under the IMF Staff-Monitored Program (SMP); establishing and operationalizing a Single Treasury account for all government revenues and expenditures by the end of 2021, as agreed to under the SMP; and publishing annual independent audits of ministries, SOEs and other parastatal organizations and committees/commissions by the end of 2021, as agreed to under the SMP.

d. Demonstrating progress toward establishing and operationalizing the Hybrid Court in a timely fashion by:

  1. Either accepting the original HCSS Memorandum of Understanding or concluding a new memorandum of understanding with the African Union regarding the court no later than September 10, 2021; and
  2. Drafting legislation to establish the Hybrid Court and other Chapter V mechanisms and presenting it to the TNLA no later than September 10, 2021.

e. Protecting the safety of humanitarian aid workers (both foreign and domestic) who are saving the lives of South Sudanese, including by:

  1. Commencing a transparent and independent investigation intothe recent attacks on humanitarian aid workers in Pibor, Renk,and Torit counties; and
  2. Taking steps to bring to justice individuals involved in thekilling of now more than 100 humanitarian aid workers since 2013.” 


Lual A. Deng, PhD
Managing Director
Ebony Center for Strategic Studies (ECSS)
P.O. Box 198 Juba, South Sudan
Cell: 571-326-3595 (USA)
        211-912-272-999 (South Sudan)
        211-927-716-372 (South Sudan)

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