Dr. Lual A Deng
For the benefit of the DPF transparency and commitment to democracy and freedom of expression, I have benefited from various comments from the members of the esteem forum, the Ebony Centre (Think Tank).
Generally, yes, South Sudanese are, nowadays, debating on how to genuinely end the 2013 war among ourselves. The real outcome of these debates has, in fact, resulted in the Revitalized Agreement on Resolution of Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan (R-ARCSS). that most and the main political parties in the war (the SPLM, SPLM IO, SSOA, OPP and other parties (53 political parties-many of them unregistered), signed on 12 September 2018. The ceasefire thence, is holding, whereas the skepticism overwhelmingly hangs over slowness in the implementation process, resistance to reconciliation, continuous dialogue, building worthy trust and confidence, especially between the two main leaders in the war, President Salva Kiir Mayadit and First Vice President Riek Machar Teny, just to state the truth.
Notwithstanding, the South Sudanese continue to pressure the Revitalized Transitional Government of National Unity (R-TGoNU) for political commitment, smooth implementation of the deal and on the time frame that could conclude the transition for general elections in 2023. This trending politics of slow implementation stirred up a very considerate concern among South Sudanese, voicing: “Hi! the SPLM and SPLM IO (Dinka and Nuer), are going back to war,” thus the fear of a new war fevers the most.
Then, suddenly unexpectedly, a new revolutionary movement, which named itself, People’s Coalition for Civil Action (PCCA), surfaced in the social media in August 2021, calling for regime-change to remove “Kiir and Riek.” And that the protests shall come out in Juba on 30th August 2021. Surprised. “The regime change” was the popular demand of SPLM IO and affiliated rebels parties in the war of 2013-2018. The fact, apparently, the regime change failed, but substituted with the R-TGoNU in accordance with the R-ARCSS and the constitution.
In my findings, the call of PCCA is irrelevant to what the 90% majority of South Sudanese want: peace and federal constitution, and not another war ( see National Dialogue recommendations and resolutions of 12 December 2020). The option is R-ARCSS implementation ” in letter and spirit,” without prejudice to critical evaluation against the war mongers within the ranks of the SPLM and SPLM IO or any other peace-spoilers mistyrious groups.
Dr. Aldo Ajou Deng Akuey,
31st August 2021